The opinion of the court was delivered by: LORD, JR.
JOHN W. LORD, Jr., Chief Judge.
Charles Diggs filed the present suit in the form of a civil rights action against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In a Memorandum and Order dated June 12, 1970, this Court, citing United States ex rel. Gittlemacker v. County of Philadelphia, 413 F.2d 84 (3rd Cir. 1969), cert. denied, 396 U.S. 1046, 90 S. Ct. 696, 24 L. Ed. 2d 691 (1970), denied plaintiff's request to proceed in forma pauperis. However, since the suit was brought pro se, the Court ruled that the action should be treated as one seeking habeas corpus relief. We directed the Clerk of the Court to furnish relator with the appropriate forms. On August 31, 1970, the Court ordered the Commonwealth, through the District Attorney of Philadelphia to show cause why the writ should not issue.
Relator filed a petition under the Pennsylvania Post Conviction Hearing Act. However, on July 1, 1970, the petition was dismissed on the ground that an adjudication and judgment of the Juvenile Court, which is at issue in the instant case, is not reviewable under the Pennsylvania Act. Since relator cannot proceed through the state courts, it will be deemed that relator has exhausted his state court remedies.
The initial problem in this case is a jurisdictional one. Relator is presently serving a sentence
as an adult offender, which resulted from a conviction for conspiracy and assault on February 7, 1969, in the Cumberland County courts. Relator's sentence for this conviction commenced on February 8, 1969, even though he was not discharged from Camp Hill pursuant to an Order of Judge McGlynn until March 21, 1969.
The Commonwealth has taken the position that since relator is attacking his adjudication of delinquency, not the conviction for which he is presently serving or was serving at the time the petition was filed, he is not "in custody" as required by 28 U.S.C.A. § 2241(c)(3). See generally Carafas v. LaVallee, 391 U.S. 234, 88 S. Ct. 1556, 20 L. Ed. 2d 554 (1968); United States ex rel. Di Rienzo v. New Jersey, 423 F.2d 224 (3rd Cir. 1970). This Court has some doubt as to whether we have jurisdiction. However, if this Court has jurisdiction, we have considered the issues raised by relator's petition and, for the reasons stated below, find them to be without merit.
The gravamen of relator's complaint is that he was incarcerated at Camp Hill as a delinquent without there being a final adjudication of his delinquency. More specifically, relator contends that after his new trial
before the Honorable Clifford Scott Green, in January of 1968, he was never informed of the court's decision and, in fact, has been waiting over two years to receive it. Relator's contention is expressly refuted by the notes of testimony of the retrial which make it clear that Judge Green also found relator to be delinquent and, as was originally done, sentenced him to Camp Hill for an indefinite time. On page 12 of the January 11th hearing, Judge Green stated "I am going to adjudge Charles * * *" and on page 15 again stated "I have adjudged him and I will return him to Camp Hill. With the commitment date as of his first commitment, which will give him credit for the time he has spent, and then I will wait and see what happens." The notes of testimony and this last statement do reflect that an issue was left open at the end of this trial. This issue was whether or not there would be a motion for rehearing filed on behalf of relator. This problem arose out of the fact that Robert Garland, who had already pled guilty to this robbery, stated at relator's new trial that a Wayne Louis, not Charles Diggs, was one of the persons who accompanied him the night in question. Judge Green gave relator's counsel twenty-one days within which time to file for a rehearing if he could find any evidence to support the story that it was Wayne Louis and Not Charles Diggs who participated in the robbery.
Therefore while the right to file for a rehearing was left open,
there is no question that Judge Green adjudicated him delinquent.
It should also be noted that there was a lineup about one week prior to the initial trial. In United States v. Wade, 388 U.S. 218, 87 S. Ct. 1926, 18 L. Ed. 2d 1149 (1967), the Supreme Court held that an in-court identification must be excluded if counsel was not present at the lineup unless the prosecution can show by clear and convincing evidence that the identification was not based on or tainted by the lineup identification. The same day that the Court decided the Wade case they held, in Stovall v. Denno, 388 U.S. 293, 87 S. Ct. 1967, 18 L. Ed. 2d 1199 (1967), that the rule enunciated in Wade was not to be applied retroactively. The Wade decision was handed down on June 12, 1967. In this case the Court is presented with the situation where the lineup took place prior to the decision in Wade (on or about April 11, 1967), but the trial took place after it (January 2, 1968). In interpreting Stovall the Courts have consistently held that the rule established in Wade applies only to confrontations, not trials, which occur after June 12, 1967. United States v. Shannon, 424 F.2d 476 (3rd Cir. 1970); United States ex rel. Rutherford v. Deegan, 406 F.2d 217 (2nd Cir. 1969); Cline v. United States, 395 F.2d 138 (8th Cir. 1968); United States v. Quarles, 387 F.2d 551 (4th Cir. 1967); Wise v. United States, 127 U.S. App. D.C. 279, 383 F.2d 206 (1967).
Therefore, even assuming arguendo that the Gault decision encompasses the rights established by the Supreme Court in Wade, and assuming that the Gault decision is applicable to the instant case, relator was not deprived of any constitutional right that would serve as the basis for the granting of the writ. The Court concludes that relator was not deprived of the right to counsel at any critical stage of the juvenile proceedings.
And now, to wit, this 18th day of December, A.D. 1970, it is ordered that relator's petition for a writ of habeas corpus be and the same is hereby denied.
There is probable cause for appeal.