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Meyers v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue

UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT


decided: October 19, 1970.

NORMAN W. MEYERS, APPELLANT,
v.
COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE

Kalodner, Freedman and Adams, Circuit Judges.

Author: Per Curiam

Opinion OF THE COURT

The Tax Court found that the appellant taxpayer had understated his 1962 gross income by $4,136.12 in his income tax return for that year and decided that there was a deficiency in income tax in the amount of $1,808.32. The Tax Court further decided that since taxpayer's understatement of his gross income was attributable to his negligence in keeping his business records and in preparing his return, there was an additional tax due of $90.42 under Section 6653(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954.*fn1

On this appeal taxpayer contends that the Tax Court erred in its factual determination that there was a $4,136.12 understatement of gross income in the 1962 income tax return, and in denying his motion "for further trial." As to these contentions we cannot say that the Tax Court was "clearly erroneous" in its factual determination of a $4,136.12 understatement of gross income, or that it abused its discretion in denying taxpayer's request "for further trial."

We cannot subscribe to taxpayer's further contention, presented for the first time on this appeal, that the deficiency assessment is barred by the statute of limitations because notice of deficiency was not mailed by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue until March 30, 1967, approximately four years after the 1962 tax return was filed on April 15, 1963. It is true that Section 6501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 provides that as a general rule no assessment of tax will be made after three years of the filing of an income tax return. However, Section 6501(e)(1)(A) provides that "if the taxpayer omits from gross income an amount properly includible therein which is in excess of 25 percent of the amount of gross income stated in the return, the tax may be assessed * * * at any time within 6 years after the return was filed.' (Emphasis supplied).

Here the Tax Court found that its determined $4,136.12 understatement of gross income constituted more than 25 percent of taxpayer's 1962 gross income thus calling into play the cited 6-year statutory limitation. Since the Tax Court's Decision assessing the additional $1,808.32 tax was filed March 30, 1969, that assessment was made within the 6 -year applicable statutory limitation.

For the reasons stated the Decision of the Tax Court will be affirmed.


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