The opinion of the court was delivered by: GOURLEY
This is an action filed pursuant to § 205(g) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C.A. § 405(g), wherein plaintiff seeks judicial review of the decision of the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare denying his claim filed on September 29, 1966 for disability insurance benefits under § 223 and for a period of disability under § 216(i) of the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C.A. §§ 423 and 416(i).
Plaintiff originally filed claims for disability benefits under the Social Security Act on January 27, 1964 and August 16, 1965. The claims were disallowed by the Bureau of Disability Insurance, and a hearing subsequently was requested and held on June 3, 1966. The Hearing Examiner denied the claim. A request was filed for review of the Hearing Examiner's decision. The Appeals Council denied the plaintiff's request for review and affirmed the decision of the Hearing Examiner. No judicial appeal was taken from the Appeals Council's denial.
Plaintiff then filed on September 29, 1966 the instant application for period of disability and disability insurance benefits, wherein he alleged that he became unable to engage in any substantial gainful activity on July 29, 1966. The Bureau of Disability Insurance again disallowed the claim. Upon request, a hearing was conducted by a Hearing Examiner on October 6, 1967. The Hearing Examiner rendered a decision against the plaintiff on October 20, 1967. The Appeals Council denied a request for review on December 14, 1967.
A Complaint was timely filed in the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania pursuant to § 205(g), supra. By Order dated February 13, 1968, the Honorable Herbert P. Sorg remanded the action to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare for the purpose of receiving additional evidence which had not originally been proffered before the Hearing Examiner. Pursuant to the order of remand, a supplemental hearing was conducted by the Hearing Examiner on June 13, 1968. The Hearing Examiner then issued a recommended decision on August 20, 1968, denying relief to the plaintiff.
Objections were then filed with the Appeals Council by plaintiff's attorney. The Appeals Council, upon consideration of these exceptions, concluded that doubt had been raised as to the correctness of the Hearing Examiner's recommended decision and remanded for further hearing before the Examiner. Also, the Appeals Council received additional evidence in order to further clarify the evidence forming the basis for the Hearing Examiner's recommended decision. Upon review of the evidence adduced before the Hearing Examiner and the additional evidence placed before the Appeals Council, the Appeals Council decided on November 28, 1969 that plaintiff was not entitled to a period of disability or to disability insurance benefits under §§ 216(i) and 223 of the Social Security Act, as amended, supra.
Pertaining to the scope of judicial review, § 205(g), supra, provides as follows:
"The Court shall have the power to enter, upon the pleadings and transcript of the record, a judgment affirming, modifying, or reversing the decision of the Secretary, with or without remanding the cause for a rehearing. The findings of the Secretary as to any fact, if supported by substantial evidence, shall be conclusive * * *."
Under this Section and Section 10(e) of the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C.A. § 706, the Court is limited to "ascertaining whether on the record as a whole there is substantial evidence to support the Secretary's findings of fact." Goldman v. Folsom, 246 F.2d 776, 778 (3d Cir. 1957). In this determination, the Federal District Court is not to decide questions of credibility, and if the record as a whole will support equivocal but reasonable determinations, the District Court may not make a re-determination in accordance with its own views of the case. Moon v. Celebrezze, 340 F.2d 926, 930 (7th Cir. 1965); Lechelt v. Cohen, 428 F.2d 214 (7th Cir. 1970), decided June 17, 1970, but not yet officially reported.
It was the essential finding of the Appeals Council that, when last qualifying under the earning requirements of the Act, plaintiff suffered from silicosis and a related pulmonary disfunction of a severity sufficient to render him unable to do his previous work as a coal miner, but not to impair his ability to "engage in any other substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy." Based upon the medical and vocational evidence, the Appeals Council found that plaintiff remained able to perform light and sedentary tasks on a sustained work-week basis. Plaintiff, in this appeal, takes issue both with the extent of physical impairment found by the Appeals Council and also with the testimony of the vocational experts as to the extent to which light work existed and was available to the plaintiff.
Plaintiff contends that, at the time when he last qualified under the earning requirements of the Act, he suffered not only from a lung impairment, but also from osteoarthritis of the joints of his fingers, a possible pulmonary infarction, a "decompensated back and a recurrent facet syndrome", and a second cervical root syndrome due to a cervical spondylosis. It is contended that the Hearing Examiner overlooked the cumulative effect of these various impairments in rendering his decision. However, the mere presence of a disease or medically determinable impairment does not automatically entitle a claimant to a disability period or disability insurance benefits under the Social Security Act, for it must be shown additionally that the impairment causes "an inability to engage in any substantial gainful activity." Gotshaw v. Ribicoff, 307 F.2d 840 (4th Cir. 1962). While the aforementioned medically determinable impairments were before the Hearing Examiner and Appeals Council, neither the medical or vocational experts were of the opinion that any of these individual impairments other than the pulmonary impairment substantially affected plaintiff's opportunity to obtain "any gainful employment." With respect to the particular impairment of cervical root syndrome, the evidence indicates that this problem developed subsequent to the period within which plaintiff met the earning requirements of the Act, and, accordingly, cannot serve as a basis for qualifying under the disability provisions of the Act.
Plaintiff also points to the reports of Dr. Joel Goldman and Dr. Morton J. Earley, both of whom, upon examination of plaintiff in 1964, concluded that plaintiff was totally and permanently industrially disabled because of silicosis and emphysema. Nevertheless, this conclusion was contradicted by the testimony of Drs. Katter, Bradley, Wright, Klemens, and Snider, all of whom found that plaintiff was not totally disabled because of his pulmonary impairment. Two vocational experts, Mr. Cleeton and Dr. Stouffer, while concluding that plaintiff was precluded from his previous occupation of coal mining, found that plaintiff's impairments were not such as to preclude his performance of sedentary or light work. Dr. Stouffer's testimony was based upon all of the evidence, including the additional evidence, offered before the Appeals Council. He suggested as sedentary jobs, shoe cleaner, bench hand, ...