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decided: April 22, 1970.


Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County, No. 4058 of 1967, in case of John F. Gallagher v. Board of Commissioners of Springfield Township.


Joseph P. Mylotte and Stephen J. McEwen, Jr., with them McEwen & McEwen, for appellant.

Howard Saul Marcu, for appellee.

Bell, C. J., Jones, Cohen, Eagen, O'Brien, Roberts and Pomeroy, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Pomeroy. Mr. Justice Cohen concurs in the result. Mr. Justice Roberts concurs in the result on the ground that appellant had not yet been finally appointed.

Author: Pomeroy

[ 438 Pa. Page 281]

Appellant John F. Gallagher sought a writ of mandamus to compel appellees, the Springfield Township Board of Commissioners, to permit him to serve in the position of Township patrolman to which he had been allegedly appointed. From the order entered below refusing to grant the writ, he brought the instant appeal.

The facts of this case, as found by the court below, are as follows: In February, 1966, appellant took, and passed, a competitive examination conducted by the Township Civil Service Commission to determine his qualifications for the position of township policeman. In April of that year, he was notified by the Township that his name was first on the list of eligible candidates, but during the remainder of 1966 he was found physically ineligible for appointment to the police force because of a wrist injury from which he had not fully recovered. The eligibility list on which appellant's name appeared was to expire on February 18, 1967, but, on February 12, 1967, the Township Public Safety Committee

[ 438 Pa. Page 282]

    met with appellant to discuss the possibility of his appointment prior to that date. At that meeting one of the members of the Public Safety Committee indicated to appellant that the Committee had doubts about his responsibility in driving public and private vehicles because of certain reports it had received concerning previous reckless driving. Nevertheless, the Committee recommended to the Board of Township Commissioners that he be appointed. On February 14, 1967, the Board passed a motion appointing appellant as a police officer. The following day he was issued a uniform, but not a badge, gun or identification card. He was scheduled to take the oath of office and commence his duties as a police officer on February 28, 1967, but for the reasons indicated below this has never occurred.

On February 22, 1967, appellant was involved in an automobile accident. The accident occurred as appellant, who was a lieutenant in the Springfield volunteer fire company, was driving toward the Township fire station in response to a fire alarm. Proceeding at a rate of speed in excess of the posted limit, appellant swerved to avoid two children crossing the street and struck a vehicle parked in a lot on the side of the street.

The following evening the Township Public Safety Committee and Civil Service Committee met in the presence of appellant to investigate the accident, and on February 24, 1967, appellant was informed that the Board of Commissioners had decided not to go through with his appointment. He thereafter brought this action to compel them to do so.

In addition to the facts set forth above, the court below found that at the time the Board of Commissioners voted to appoint appellant, no vacancy in fact existed on the police force and that the appointment was made, not to fill an existing vacancy but rather to avoid

[ 438 Pa. Page 283]

    the necessity of reexamining appellant (due to the expiration of the eligibility list resulting from the 1966 civil service examination) before again considering him for appointment. Relying primarily upon this fact, the court concluded that the required procedure for making appointments to the police force set forth in Article VI, § 638 of The First Class Township Code, Act of June 24, 1931, P. L. 1206, as amended, 53 P.S. § 55638, had not been followed.*fn1 Under that section the civil service commission is required to certify the names of persons eligible for appointment to the police force only after the township commissioners notify it of a vacancy to be filled and request the certification of a list of eligibles. Mindful of the statement of this Court in McCartney v. Johnston, 326 Pa. 442, 446, 191 Atl. 121 (1937): "[s]o that purpose [of civil service laws] may be realized, the statutory provisions regulating appointments call for strict compliance with the terms of the acts," and the holding in Detoro v. Pittston, 344 Pa. 254, 25 A.2d 299 (1942), that one seeking a writ of mandamus to compel his reinstatement to a civil service position has the burden of showing compliance

[ 438 Pa. Page 284]

    with the civil service law in his appointment and thereby establishing his de jure civil service status, the court below held that appellant had not proved a valid appointment, since there was no evidence that there existed an available vacant position to which he was appointed. It therefore concluded that appellant was without the protection of the civil service tenure provisions, and accordingly was not entitled to the writ.

While the failure to comply with the civil service appointment procedure in the Detoro case was of a far more serious nature than that in the instant case, we hold that the court below was correct in concluding that appellant had not established his right to a writ of mandamus. It must be remembered that, "[m]andamus is an extraordinary writ which lies to compel the performance of a ministerial act or mandatory duty where there is a clear legal right in the plaintiff, a corresponding duty in the defendant, and a want of any other appropriate and adequate remedy." Unger v. Hampton Township, 437 Pa. 399, 263 A.2d 385 (1970); Boslover A.A.B. Ass'n. v. Philadelphia Authority, 425 Pa. 535, 538, 229 A.2d 906 (1967); Travis v. Teter, 370 Pa. 326, 330, 87 A.2d 177 (1952). In order to establish a clear legal right to a position on the police force, appellant was required, under the cases correctly relied upon by the court below, to prove that he had been appointed to that position and that the appointment had complied with the procedure set forth in the applicable civil service law. Manning v. Millbourne Borough Civil Service Commission, 387 Pa. 176, 127 A.2d 599 (1956).*fn2

Not only was the court justified in finding that no vacancy existed in the township police force on February

[ 438 Pa. Page 28514]

when the Board of Commissioners adopted their motion to appoint appellant, but it seems clear that the appointment itself had not become final before it was revoked. While the record does not contain the minute which records the appointment motion, it is evident that it was intended to be prospective. As the lower court found, on February 24, the date of rescission, appellant had not yet left his old job, had not started to work for the township, had not taken the oath of office or the loyalty oath, and had not been supplied with an identification card or a badge or a gun. There is no suggestion that he had been placed on the payroll of the Township. Whatever the rights of the parties during the six months probationary period following appointment (53 P.S. § 55640),*fn3 we agree with appellee's contention that the Commissioners could rescind their motion of appointment at any time before the appointee assumed office.

Order affirmed.


Order affirmed.

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