The opinion of the court was delivered by: BODY
Relator seeks a writ of habeas corpus on the ground that (1) he was denied the effective assistance of counsel at the trial stage of his state court prosecution, and (2) his guilty plea was not voluntarily and intelligently made.
Owen Bagley was indicted on March 7, 1968 in the Criminal Courts of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, on charges of robbery and other related offenses.
He was arraigned and pled not guilty on the same day, at which time trial was scheduled for March 27, 1968. On the latter date relator changed his plea to Indictment No. 610 to guilty and the remaining indictments were ordered nolle prossed upon payment of costs.
Immediately following relator's change of plea on March 27, 1968, a hearing was held at which three witnesses were called by the Commonwealth. At the conclusion of that hearing the court imposed a sentence of from five to ten years imprisonment.
Relator thereafter filed a direct appeal to the Superior Court of Pennsylvania which resulted in a per curiam affirmance of the judgment on November 1, 1968. On January 24, 1969 a petition for allowance of appeal was denied by the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.
Ineffective Assistance of Counsel
With respect to this issue relator contends that he never saw or spoke with counsel until minutes before his change of plea. During that single conversation, counsel is alleged to have insisted that relator plead guilty. While the latter claims to have resisted counsel's initial urgings, relator admits that he finally acquiesced in a change of plea. Relator also asserts that he was not informed by counsel of his right to a jury trial. Such information, it is alleged, would have made a difference in his decision to plead guilty. Counsel is finally alleged to have stated his unwillingness to defend relator on a plea of not guilty because of his belief that there was no possibility of acquittal.
The Commonwealth has drawn our attention to the Public Defender's file which indicates that Mr. McFadden, a non-attorney investigator of that office, interviewed relator at Broadmeadows Prison on January 25, 1968 to determine whether the Public Defender should accept the appointment to represent him. At that time Bagley's version of the facts was recorded for later use by the Public Defender. Moreover, the state court records show that relator was represented at his arraignment on March 7, 1968 by Mr. Evans of the Public Defender's Office. He was subsequently represented by the same attorney at both his re-arraignment and sentencing on March 27, 1968.
In addition, Mr. Evans testified that he was present and represented the relator at his arraignment on March 7, 1968. He further testified that about a week before the change of plea occurred, he reviewed the statement taken by Mr. McFadden and discussed it with Bagley. Mr. Evans indicated he advised relator to plead guilty because he had no defense to the charges against him.
Based upon the time of counsel's appointment and the effort expended in investigating the case, we find that relator has not presented even a prima facie case of the ineffective assistance of counsel. United States ex rel. Mathis v. Rundle, 394 F.2d 748 (3d Cir. 1968); United States ex rel. Whitten v. Pinto, 407 F.2d 852 (3d Cir. 1969); United States ex rel. Chambers v. Maroney, 408 F.2d 1186 (3d Cir. 1969); United States ex rel. McKnight v. Rundle, 301 F. Supp. 238 (E.D. Pa. 1969). This aspect of the petition is therefore without merit.
Voluntariness of Guilty Plea
Many of the facts relating to the prior issue are relevant to the voluntariness of relator's guilty plea. Bagley contends that he was never informed of his right to a jury trial and that the conduct of ...