Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County, April T., 1966, Nos. 3946, 3947, 3955, and 3962, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Frederick Holloway.
John W. Packel and Melvin Dildine, Assistant Defenders, and Vincent J. Ziccardi, Acting Defender, for appellant.
Fortunata Giudice and James D. Crawford, Assistant District Attorneys, Richard A. Sprague, First Assistant District Attorney, and Arlen Specter, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Wright, P. J., Watkins, Montgomery, Jacobs, Hoffman, Spaulding, and Cercone, JJ. Opinion by Spaulding, J. Wright, P. J., would affirm the order below on the opinion of Judge Sporkin.
[ 215 Pa. Super. Page 137]
This is an appeal by Frederick Holloway from the order of the court below dismissing a post-conviction petition. On December 27, 1966, appellant entered guilty pleas to 23 indictments charging him with aggravated robbery, burglary, conspiracy, assault and battery, and drug and firearms violations. He was sentenced on four bills charging aggravated robbery to an aggregate term of 10 to 30 years.
In his post-conviction petition, appellant contended that his guilty plea was induced by the threat of maximum sentences on the robbery bills and also was primarily motivated by identifications obtained in a line-up conducted in violation of his constitutional rights. After hearing, the court dismissed the petition.
The contention that the primary motivation for the entry of the plea was a constitutionally infirm line-up procedure, if true, affords a basis for invalidating the guilty pleas. Commonwealth v. Robinson, 430 Pa. 188, 242, A.2d 266 (1968); Commonwealth v. Garrett, 425 Pa. 594, 229 A.2d 922 (1967).
In its opinion, the court below indicated that the sole basis for its adverse ruling on the line-up aspect of the hearing was that United States v. Wade, 388 U.S. 218 (1967), did not retroactively grant a right to counsel at the line-up which appellant challenged. Stovall v. Denno, 388 U.S. 293 (1967). In so ruling, the court failed to consider that under Stovall v. Denno, supra, a pre- Wade line-up may be constitutionally invalid if the conduct of the line-up violates due process. Thus, the court below also did not resolve the factual issues
[ 215 Pa. Super. Page 138]
necessary to rule upon the due process issue raised by Stovall. As this determination has not been made and is a matter uniquely for the court below, we deem it appropriate to remand the record. In so doing, we do not pass upon whether the guilty pleas are rendered involuntary by the statements of counsel and the trial court that appellant might receive a more severe sentence by pleading not guilty.
If the court below finds the line-up did not violate due process, appellant is not entitled to relief on this claim. If, however, the line-up evidence is constitutionally invalid, appellant is entitled to relief only if the evidence was the primary motivation for the pleas.*fn* On remand, the court may also wish to reconsider the holding that the statements of the trial court relating to sentencing ...