decided: September 11, 1969.
Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas of Lancaster County, July T., 1965, No. 8, in re appeal of Alfred Bethea.
Lois G. Forer, with her Daniel H. Shertzer, for appellant.
Henry J. Rutherford, Assistant District Attorney, with him Clarence C. Newcomer, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Wright, P. J., Watkins, Montgomery, Jacobs, Hoffman, Spaulding, and Cercone, JJ. Opinion by Hoffman, J. Wright, P. J., would affirm on the opinion of President Judge Wissler.
[ 215 Pa. Super. Page 76]
Appellant, a sixteen year old boy, was committed in 1968 by the Juvenile Court of Lancaster County to the State Correctional Institution at Camp Hill, a maximum security prison for adjudged delinquents and youthful criminal offenders. This commitment for an indefinite term may extend for five years until appellant reaches age twenty-one at which time the Juvenile Court will lose jurisdiction over him. See Commonwealth v. Williams, 432 Pa. 44, 246 A.2d 356 (1968).
The basis for this commitment, as stated by the Juvenile Court is for "violation of parole" arising from prior commitments pursuant to the Juvenile Court Act. The Juvenile Court did not make a finding of delinquency in the instant hearing. Rather, it found only that appellant had violated his "parole" status which arose from prior commitment proceedings.
In this appeal, therefore, appellant attacks his prior commitments on the basis that he was denied due process of law.
The nature of those commitments have been described by the lower court as follows:
"Petitioner's first appearance in Juvenile Court was on October 5, 1965 on the charge of larceny of money and after hearing he was placed on probation in the custody of his parents . . . .
"On September 8, 1966 petitioner was again heard in Juvenile Court on the charge of an attempt to assault and robbery and after a hearing thereon he was committed to the Glen Mills School for Boys. On October 14, 1968 he was released from the Glen Mills School on parole."
[ 215 Pa. Super. Page 77]
No transcript of these proceedings is available to us, nor has the lower court conducted an evidentiary hearing to ascertain the manner in which such proceedings were held.
In light of this silent record, it is impossible to determine whether appellant's prior commitments were proper, either (1) under the standard principle of fairness applied prior to In re: Gault, 387 U.S. 1 (1967) or (2) under the standards enunciated in Gault if Gault is to be applied retroactively.
Thus, although the lower court has stated that "it must be conceded that not all of the rules of the Gault case were followed in these two original proceedings," we do not deem it advisable to explicitly determine whether Gault is to be applied retroactively. Even if Gault is not retroactive, appellant's original commitment may under pre- Gault standards have been illegal.*fn1
This case, therefore, is remanded to the lower court so that an evidentiary hearing can be held and the determination be made. Pending such determination, appellant is to be released from Camp Hill and placed in the custody of his parents.*fn2
Case remanded to lower court for evidentiary hearing.