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06/04/69 Cesar Arturo Ramirez, v. United States Immigration
June 4, 1969
CESAR ARTURO RAMIREZ, PETITIONER
UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE, RESPONDENT 1969.CDC.167 DATE DECIDED: JUNE 4, 1969
Fahy, Senior Circuit Judge, and Leventhal and Robinson, Circuit Judges.
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CIRCUIT
Certiorari Denied November 17, 1969. Reported at: 396 U.S. 928.
Petitioner, who overstayed his permit to remain in the United States as a nonimmigrant visitor from his native country of Ecuador, of which he was also a citizen, has been ordered deported by the Immigration and Naturalization Service. On November 2, 1966, while the proceedings involving petitioner were pending before the Service, Congress amended Section 2451 of the Immigration and Naturalization Act. Under this amended provision petitioner applied to the Service for adjustment of his status to that of an alien admitted for permanent residence. The Special Inquiry Officer to whom his application was remanded by the Board of Immigration Appeals found petitioner deportable and denied his application for adjustment of status. His request to be permitted voluntarily to depart was also denied. Petitioner's appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals was dismissed by order of the Board on the ground that under Section 212(a) (9)2 petitioner was statutorily ineligible for the adjustment of status since he had been convicted of false pretenses with "intent to defraud," on each of two counts of an information under 22 D.C.Code § 1301. He now petitions this court for review of this order of the Board of Immigration Appeals.
The sole ground presented is that Section 212(a) (9), in using the standard "a crime involving moral turpitude" to create ineligibility for adjustment of status, is unconstitutionally vague, and is void as an indefinite delegation of power to an administrative agency.
We think this challenge to the statutory standard is foreclosed to this court by Jordan v. DeGeorge, 341 U.S. 223, 71 S. Ct. 703, 95 L. Ed. 886.3 Though petitioner points to the statement of the Court in DeGeorge that the question of vagueness was not raised by the parties or argued, the Court, no doubt referring to the dissenting opinion, said ". . . it has been suggested that the phrase 'crime involving moral turpitude' lacks sufficiently definite standards to justify this deportation proceeding and that the statute before us is therefore unconstitutional for vagueness."4 The Court then examined the application of the vagueness doctrine to the statute, notwithstanding the matter had not been raised by the parties or argued. The Court said it did this in view of the grave nature of deportation. Upon full consideration of the question the Court upheld the statute as constitutional,5 especially in its application to "crimes in which fraud is an ingredient," the situation in petitioner's case. Deeming the Supreme Court to be now the proper forum for presentation of appellant's contentions we have not considered them on the merits.
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