The opinion of the court was delivered by: WEBER
The two pleadings filed in this action allege a single cause of action and request the same relief. Civil Action No. 69-226 is cast in the form of a petition to compel arbitration under the United States Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq., the other pleading, Civil Action No. 69-227, is cast in the form of a civil complaint seeking injunctive enforcement of an agreement to arbitrate.
Plaintiff is a Pennsylvania corporation with its principal place of business in this District. Defendant is a Delaware corporation with its principal place of business in New York, N.Y. It is not registered as a foreign corporation in Pennsylvania. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant is doing business in Pennsylvania. Defendant has filed an affidavit that it is not doing business in the Western District of Pennsylvania. In any event service of process was made by a United States Marshal upon the Vice-President of Defendant corporation in Philadelphia, Pa., and also upon a Vice-President of an alleged subsidiary of defendant corporation at his place of business in Philadelphia, Pa.
In both cases Defendant has moved to dismiss for lack of venue or in the alternative to transfer the action to any district where it could have been brought under 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a).
We think that venue here is clearly controlled by 28 U.S.C. § 1391(a):
"A civil action wherein jurisdiction is founded only on diversity of citizenship may, except as otherwise provided by law, be brought only in the judicial district where all the plaintiffs or all defendants reside, or in which the claim arose."
There is no dispute as to the residence of Plaintiff. Plaintiff has also alleged that the cause of action arises out of a contract negotiated and entered into in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and which expressly provides that it is made under the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and is to be construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of said Commonwealth.
28 U.S.C. § 1391 is a general venue statute. Fourco Glass Co. v. Transmirra Corp., 353 U.S. 222, 77 S. Ct. 787, 1 L. Ed. 2d 786 . There is no special venue statute covering this type of action which takes precedence over it. Under the clear and unambiguous language of § 1391(a) the plaintiff, in an action based solely on diversity, may choose to bring his action either in the district where plaintiff resides or where defendant resides or in which the claim arose.
Defendant raises § 1391(c) as an objection to venue in this District. § 1391(c) is also a general venue statute applicable to actions against corporations. It does not prevail over the specific provisions of § 1391(a) of the same statute. Fourco Glass Co., supra. We need not be concerned whether defendant is doing business in this state or in this District because personal service has been obtained upon a corporate officer in this state.
We cannot agree that § 1391(c) is an independent venue provision for corporate defendants, as argued by Defendant here. It is another section of the same general venue statute, not a special venue provision as is provided by many particular enactments covering suits under particular statutes. See 1 Moore's Federal Practice P0.142, p. 1480, and P0.144. We believe that § 1391(c) is applicable to give a corporate defendant a measure of protection where the plaintiff has not elected to bring a diversity action in the district of its residence. Olberding v. Illinois Central R. Co., 346 U.S. 338, 340, 74 S. Ct. 83, 98 L. Ed. 39 .
We conclude that venue is proper in this District.
Defendant also asks that these current actions be stayed pending the outcome of proceedings between the same parties in the Southern District of New York, a removed action from the State Court in New York, wherein the present defendant as plaintiff sought to enjoin the arbitration which had been demanded by the present plaintiff. Obviously the relief there sought was relief under state law. The action was removed on diversity grounds. (The United States Arbitration Act gives no independent grounds of jurisdiction.) The state court had issued a rule to show cause and stayed the arbitration until hearing. The action was removed and a motion to dismiss is now pending.
We cannot see that litigation on the same cause of action is now pending in another United States District Court. The action now pending in the Southern District of New York is a removed State Court action. We are faced at this instant with a petition (Civil Action No. 69-226) under the United States Arbitration ...