decided: August 6, 1968.
Appeal from order of Court of Oyer and Terminer of Dauphin County, June T., 1960, No. 7, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Harold Payton.
Frederick W. Andrews, for appellant.
Jerome T. Foerster, Assistant District Attorney, and LeRoy S. Zimmerman, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Bell, C. J., Musmanno, Jones, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Roberts. Mr. Justice Cohen took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
[ 431 Pa. Page 106]
In 1960 appellant was tried and convicted of murder in the first degree and received a life sentence. No appeal was taken. Seven years later Payton commenced the present action under the Post Conviction Hearing Act, seeking the right to file new trial motions and, if necessary, take a direct appeal to this Court. Following an evidentiary hearing, with counsel, the petition was dismissed. Hence this appeal.
Appellant's sole claim is that he did not knowingly and intelligently waive his right to appeal in 1960 since he was told nothing whatsoever about appellate rights by his privately retained trial counsel. This contention was flatly contradicted by Payton's trial counsel who testified at the post-conviction hearing that he and his client had discussed the possibility of an appeal, but that appellant never requested that such action be taken. Trial counsel also testified that he specifically informed appellant of the right to file new trial motions.
[ 431 Pa. Page 107]
In his brief before this Court appellant also alleges that he ran out of money after paying for the services of his trial lawyer, but was never told that he could have free appellate representation if indigent. In Commonwealth Page 107} v. Ezell, 431 Pa. 101, 244 A.2d 646 (1968) we faced this identical problem and held that Douglas v. California, 372 U.S. 353, 83 S. Ct. 814 (1963) and Commonwealth v. Wilson, 430 Pa. 1, 241 A.2d 760 (1968), taken together require that an indigent (or one who becomes such at the end of trial) be told of the right to court-appointed appellate counsel before a waiver can be shown. However, appellant in the present case cannot take advantage of that decision since he failed to raise any claim of post-trial indigency at the hearing below. The well established doctrine that appellate courts will not entertain arguments raised for the first time on appeal applies with equal force to appeals from collateral hearings such as this. Commonwealth ex rel. Bell v. Rundle, 420 Pa. 127, 216 A.2d 57, cert. denied, 384 U.S. 966, 86 S. Ct. 1599 (1966).*fn* A careful scrutiny of the hearing record reveals that it was never even suggested by appellant, his trial counsel, or his collateral counsel that Payton lacked the funds needed to hire a private appellate attorney.
Of course, simply because a man can afford to hire private counsel does not mean that he forfeits his right to be told of the availability of the appellate process. It would be anomalous indeed to hold that an indigent defendant must be given greater safeguards than his financially solvent counterpart. Thus, before it can be established that the non-indigent defendant knowingly and intelligently waived his absolute right of appeal, it must still appear that he was told of this
[ 431 Pa. Page 108]
right. The present case, therefore, turns only on the credibility of the witnesses.
Appellant claims that he was told nothing about appeals. His trial counsel, on the other hand, testified that he had discussed with Payton the right to file new trial motions and appeal, but had advised against it due to his professional evaluation of the trial, and the chance of a death sentence on retrial. According to counsel appellant never thereafter requested that new trial motions be filed or that an appeal be taken.
In its opinion the court below accepted, as true, the testimony of appellant's trial counsel. On the basis of that testimony it was held that Payton's right to appeal had been waived. We agree with the court's conclusion of law, and see no reason whatsoever to disturb the facts upon which this conclusion is based.