Appeal from judgment of Court of Quarter Sessions of Philadelphia County, Feb. T., 1965, Nos. 665 to 669, inclusive, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Roberto Bastone.
Thomas R. Kellogg and Melvin Dildine, Assistant Defenders, and Herman I. Pollock, Defender, for appellant.
Burton D. Fretz and Alan J. Davis, Assistant District Attorneys, Richard A. Sprague, First Assistant District Attorney, and Arlen Specter, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Ervin, P. J., Wright, Watkins, Montgomery, Jacobs, Hoffman, and Spaulding, JJ. Opinion by Wright, P. J.
[ 211 Pa. Super. Page 511]
Roberto Bastone was indicted in the Court of Quarter Sessions of Philadelphia County at February Sessions 1965 in Bill No. 665 charging aggravated robbery, in Bill No. 668 charging carrying a concealed deadly weapon, and in Bill No. 669 charging resisting arrest. Pleas of not guilty were entered, and Bastone was tried before Honorable William I. Troutman, specially presiding, and a jury. A verdict of not guilty was directed on Bill No. 669. The jury returned verdicts of guilty on Bills Nos. 665 and 668. Motions for a new trial and in arrest of judgment were refused, and sentence of not less than five nor more than fifteen years was imposed on Bill No. 665. Bastone has appealed. The factual situation appears in the following excerpt from the opinion below:
"The only question raised by the defendant was as to identity. The incident occurred in a barroom known as the Chateau Bar in the City of Philadelphia. The testimony of the Commonwealth was to the effect that the defendant entered the bar and asked for a drink. The owner of the bar gave it to him and they engaged in general conversation. Reiver, the owner, said he was busy and said that the bartender, James Logue, would serve him. Reiver went into the basement through a trap door behind the bar. James Logue, the bartender, testified that the defendant pulled a gun from his coat and demanded the money in the cash drawer and in a paper bag. The defendant then left the bar and was later apprehended. The bartender's testimony was corroborated by the testimony of William Logue who was a patron in the bar at the time. He definitely identified the defendant as the man who had the gun and took the money. While the defendant offered evidence of an alibi and denied his participation in the act, the jury decided against him. The issue as to identity was placed before the jury, it being purely a jury question,
[ 211 Pa. Super. Page 512]
and there was ample evidence upon which the jury could sustain its verdict".
The sole contention advanced on this appeal is that the trial judge erred in permitting cross-examination of the appellant as to his prior criminal record. The notes of testimony disclose the following question and answer on appellant's direct examination: "Q. Did you rob the Chateau Bar? A. I never robbed anyone in my life". The assistant district attorney then crossexamined appellant regarding four prior convictions, which appellant readily admitted. There was no objection, and no exception was taken to the charge of the trial judge, who emphasized therein that "this is only admitted to be used in testing the credibility of the defendant and for that purpose only".
Appellant's contention is based on Section 1 of the Act of March 15, 1911, P. L. 20, 19 P.S. 711, set forth in the footnote.*fn1 That statute "was intended merely to prevent blackening a defendant's reputation or attempting to prove a disposition to commit crime". If there is another legitimate purpose, the Act does not prohibit pertinent cross-examination by the Commonwealth: Commonwealth v. Heller, 369 Pa. 457, 87 A.2d 287. See also Commonwealth v. Albert, 198 Pa. Superior Ct. 489, 182 A.2d 77. Where a defendant gives testimony impliedly intended to establish his good character or
[ 211 Pa. Super. Page 513]
reputation, as in the case at bar, he subjects himself to attack on cross-examination as to other convictions: Commonwealth v. Petrulli, 182 Pa. Superior Ct. 625, 128 A.2d 108; ...