Appeal from order of Court of Oyer and Terminer of Philadelphia County, Aug. T., 1963, No. 429, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Edgar A. Dabney.
Edgar A. Dabney, appellant, in propria persona.
Welsh S. White and Alan J. Davis, Assistant District Attorneys, Richard A. Sprague, First Assistant District Attorney, and Arlen Specter, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Bell, C. J., Musmanno, Jones, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Mr. Justice Cohen took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
To an indictment charging appellant with murder, Dabney pleaded not guilty and faced trial before a judge and jury. At the conclusion of the Commonwealth's evidence, however, he changed his plea to guilty to murder generally (the Commonwealth certified at this point that the crime rose no higher than second degree), following which he was found guilty of murder in the second degree and sentenced to 9 to 20 years. No direct appeal was taken. In the present Post Conviction Hearing Act proceeding, appellant maintains that the guilty plea was not made knowingly and intelligently, and furthermore that it
was motivated primarily by a confession alleged to have been involuntary and by evidence alleged to have been illegally seized. See Commonwealth v. Garrett, 425 Pa. 594, 229 A.2d 922 (1967).
After an evidentiary hearing, during which appellant was represented by counsel, the hearing judge denied relief, holding that the guilty plea was validly entered, that the confession and evidence were not the sole motivations for the plea (apparently the plea bargain was the primary factor), and that even if they were, neither appellant's interrogation nor the search of his house were constitutionally infirm. We have reviewed both the trial record, and the record of appellant's post-conviction hearing, and see no reason to disturb the findings of the court below. See Commonwealth v. Grays, 428 Pa. 109, 237 A.2d 198 (1968); Commonwealth v. McCauley, 428 Pa. 107, 237 A.2d 204 (1968).