The Director claims that the power to subpoena witnesses concerning any matter under investigation, implies the power to conduct an investigation. The respondents contend that the Director only has the subpoena power [under 15 U.S.C.A. § 49] in aid of its "jurisdiction, powers and duties" under the Act [ 27 U.S.C.A. § 202(c)]. The respondents claim that the power to conduct an investigation must be authorized by the Federal Alcohol Administration Act or else it does not exist. There is no doubt that the Act does not specifically provide a power to conduct investigations, and in view of similar legislation, and the legislative history of the Act, we do not think such a power can be implied.
The Federal Trade Commission Act specifically provides for investigations. 15 U.S.C.A. § 46. The power to conduct investigations in section 46, is specifically incorporated in section 49 granting the subpoena power. Congress apparently did not feel that the language "relating to any matter under investigation" itself created such a power, but merely referred to powers previously granted. Four other statutes have been called to this Court's attention in which the subpoena powers of the Federal Trade Commission have been incorporated by reference to other agencies. In each of these statutes Congress specifically provided an investigative power. [Packers and Stockyards Act, 7 U.S.C.A. §§ 210, 222; The Agricultural Adjustment Act, 7 U.S.C.A. §§ 608(1), 610(h); The Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C.A. §§ 209, 211; and The Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act, 29 U.S.C.A. § 521]. The failure to provide an investigative power in the Federal Alcohol Administration Act suggests that no such power was intended.
Section 6(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C.A. § 555(c) provides that "Process * * * or other investigative act or demand may not be issued, made, or enforced except as authorized by law." We conclude that before an agency may undertake an investigation aided by the subpoena power it must have Congressional authorization. Finding no such power within the provisions of the relevant statute, either expressly or by necessary implication, we cannot enforce a subpoena so issued. The power to issue the subpoena for the purposes of an investigation, depends here on the power of the Director to undertake an investigation and such power has not been granted.
The legislative history of the Act supports the conclusion that no power of investigation was intended. The bill was amended in the Senate to include an investigatory power. 79 Cong.Rec. 12924 (1935). The bill, as amended, went to a conference committee which rejected the amendment and reported that: "The House bill had no similar [investigative power] provision. The Senate recedes." H.R.Rep.No.1898, 74th Congress, 1st Session 9 (1935). Consequently, it appears that Congress never intended to grant such an investigatory power to the Director.
The powers of the Director under the Act do not become meaningless by refusing to permit investigations accompanied by the subpoena power. The Director retains the power to grant or revoke permits to dealers in alcoholic beverages. 27 U.S.C.A. § 204. He may hold hearings to determine whether a permit should issue or be revoked and may use the subpoena power at this time. The distinction lies in the nature of the proceedings. The permittee may attend and take part in a formal hearing, but would be unable to participate or even be present during an investigative proceeding taking the testimony of various witnesses. We believe that Congress intended such a result and clearly demonstrated this intention in the Act.
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