decided: June 29, 1967.
Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas No. 5 of Philadelphia County, June T., 1964, No. 4423, in case of Pasquale Fiumara v. Texaco, Inc., Sinclair Refining Company, Humble Oil & Refining Company et al.
A. E. Hurshman, for appellant.
Henry T. Reath, with him Paul B. Wells, of the New York Bar, and Duane, Morris & Heckscher, for Texaco, Inc., appellee.
Robert W. Sayre, Frank R. Clampitt, of the New York Bar, and Saul, Ewing Remick & Saul, for Sinclair Refining Company in its own right and as successor by merger to Richfield Oil Corporation of New York, appellee.
Miles W. Kirkpatrick, Henry T. Hartmann, of the New York Bar, and Morgan, Lewis & Bockius, for Humble Oil & Refining Co., appellee.
John T. Clary, for Gulf Oil Corporation, appellee.
Bell, C. J., Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen and O'Brien, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Jones. Mr. Justice Roberts took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
[ 426 Pa. Page 161]
Pasquale Fiumara, [Fiumara], the owner of a gasoline station, on August 5, 1964, filed a petition in the Court of Common Pleas No. 5 of Philadelphia County for a rule to show cause why a complaint he proposed to file against Texaco, Inc., Sinclair Refining Company, Humble Oil and Refining Company, Gulf Oil Corporation and Richfield Oil Corporation of New York, [Oil Companies], "shall not remain within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Court [of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County]." The complaint, not filed but attached to Fiumara's petition,*fn1 charged the Oil Companies with a common law conspiracy in restraint of trade.*fn2 The court granted the rule and directed a stay of all proceedings in the meanwhile. Two days prior to the return day of the rule, the Oil Companies removed
[ 426 Pa. Page 162]
the action to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania upon the ground that exclusive jurisdiction was vested in the Federal Court. At that time, the Oil Companies filed a bond.*fn3 This bond was conditioned that the Oil Companies would "pay all costs and disbursements incurred by reason of the removal proceedings should it be determined that the case was not removable or was improperly removed".
On June 14, 1965, on motion to remand by Fiumara, the Federal Court, speaking through Judge Van Dusen, remanded the action to the Court of Common Pleas No. 5 of Philadelphia County.
In the meantime, on March 2, 1964, the Oil Companies had instituted an equity action in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania wherein it was sought "to enjoin [Fiumara] and his representatives from prosecuting any claim, cause of action, question or fact, which was or could have been litigated in two prior actions decided by this [Federal] court." A hearing on this request for injunctive relief was set for April 30, 1964, at which time Judge Higginbotham refused to issue the preliminary injunction: Texaco, Inc. v. Fiumara, 232 F. Supp. 757, E.D. Pa. (1964). The refusal to issue a preliminary injunction was bottomed on the fact that this Court had declared the Pennsylvania Fair Trade Act*fn4 invalid.*fn5 The Oil Companies later sought a second
[ 426 Pa. Page 163]
preliminary injunction and, after hearing, Judge Higginbotham on September 30, 1965, again denied injunctive relief.
After Judge Van Dusen's decision remanding the action to the Court of Common Pleas No. 5, Fiumara, on October 20, 1965, obtained a rule upon the Oil Companies to show cause why he should not be reimbursed for all the costs, disbursements and attorney fees, amounting to $13,212, incurred by him in connection with the litigation involving the Oil Companies' attempt to remove the action to the Federal Court. The court below discharged this rule without prejudice. The present appeal is from that order.
The issue presented by this appeal is whether Fiumara is entitled to the payment by the Oil Companies of all costs, disbursements and attorney fees incurred by him by reason of the attempted removal proceedings. The gravamen of his contention is that the Oil Companies, in seeking to remove the conspiracy action from the Court of Common Pleas No. 5 to the Federal Court, acted in bad faith and as part of a plan of harassment by the Oil Companies of Fiumara.
Fiumara takes the position that, when the Oil Companies filed the $250 bond with their petition of removal to the Federal Court, this constituted evidence that the Oil Companies agreed ". . . [to] pay all costs and disbursements incurred by reason of the removal proceedings [if] . . . it be determined that the case was not removable or was improperly removed. . . .", and, since the Federal Court had decided that the removal of the action was improper and had remanded the action to the State Court, Fiumara
[ 426 Pa. Page 164]
argues that he has the right to collect on this agreement to pay all costs and disbursements, the latter including reasonable attorney's fees. Fiumara contends that the Oil Companies breached the agreement contained in the removal bond and he seeks to liquidate the amount of costs and disbursements and to reduce such amount to a judgment so that he can then proceed against the Oil Companies' surety for that amount. In a nutshell, Fiumara contends that, because 28 USC § 1446(d) mandates in removal proceedings the posting of a bond conditioned on the payment of costs and disbursements if the action was not removable or improperly removed, he is entitled to recover $13,212 because the Federal Court remanded the action to the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia County.
Before proceeding to any consideration of the issue raised on this appeal, we must determine whether the order of the court below constitutes an appealable order. The thrust of Fiumara's action in the court below is that the Oil Companies had entered into an illegal conspiracy in restraint of trade; even though a copy of a complaint proposed to be filed was attached to the original pleading in this action -- which was a petition for a rule to show cause why the Court of Common Pleas did not have exclusive jurisdiction of the action --, up until the time of filing the instant appeal no complaint had ever been filed; after the various efforts of the Oil Companies to remove the action to the Federal Court had been thwarted, then Fiumara presented to the Common Pleas Court his petition for a rule for the award of the costs and disbursements which, allegedly, had been incurred by him in his successful challenge to the Oil Companies' attempt to remove the action to the Federal Court; at the time of the presentation of such petition, the action in the court below had not even reached the pleading stage.
[ 426 Pa. Page 165]
Certain facts must be noted: (1) at the time of the entry of the order from which this appeal was taken, the merits of the controversy in the action instituted in the court below had not and could not have been considered because Fiumara had never filed a complaint;*fn6 (2) the order refused to make an award of costs and disbursements;*fn7 (3) the order did not affect the merits of the action nor constitute a final determination of the controversy;*fn8 (4) the order was made without prejudice to Fiumara's rights.
The order of the court below is clearly an unappealable order. It is neither a final order which conclusively determines the rights of the parties nor such an interlocutory order as is made appealable by statute. The instant appeal, therefore, must be quashed.
In view of the conclusion reached, we do not reach the issue raised on this appeal.