Appeal from decree of Court of Common Pleas No. 4 of Philadelphia County, June T., 1964, No. 5029, in case of John Guille v. Mushroom Transportation Company.
Murray Powlen, for appellant.
Nathan L. Posner, with him Jay G. Ochroch, Israel Packel, and Fox, Rothschild, O'Brien & Frankel, for appellee.
Bell, C. J., Musmanno, Jones, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Roberts. Mr. Justice Cohen took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
Appellant, John W. Guille, an employee of the Mushroom Transportation Company, Inc., was discharged by the company in December 1962 for alleged excessive absenteeism. At the time of his discharge, appellant's employment relationship was controlled by a labor agreement between Teamster's Local 107 and an employer association of which the Mushroom Transportation Company was a member. Under this agreement the company could discharge an employee only for "just cause." Article VIII of the agreement set forth a detailed grievance procedure to be followed in the event of a dispute and provided that, if the intermediate processes did not resolve the differences, the dispute was to be submitted to one of several named
arbitrators. Appellant, claiming that his discharge was not for just cause, unsuccessfully sought his reinstatement by resorting to Article VIII, including the arbitration proceeding.
Following the arbitrator's decision sustaining the company's discharge, appellant filed this suit in equity against the Mushroom Transportation Company, again seeking his reinstatement. The court below dismissed appellant's suit on the ground that it had no authority to adjudicate the dispute de novo and that appellant's only recourse was to challenge the arbitrator's award by filing a motion to vacate under the Act of April 25, 1927, P. L. 381, § 10, 5 P.S. § 170. Although we do not believe that the Act of 1927 is relevant to this case,*fn1 nevertheless the court's decree must be affirmed.
Appellant urges that the decision of the court below refusing to entertain his claim de novo is in conflict with § 301 of the Labor Management Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § 185. The company-appellee is engaged in interstate commerce and therefore it concedes, as it must, that this controversy is controlled by federal common law of labor relations,*fn2 but contends there is no conflict between the decision below and federal law.
Since under federal law the parties are free to choose or reject arbitration as a means of settling labor
disputes,*fn3 we must initially determine whether Article VIII's arbitration clause was intended by the parties to be a final determination of the merits. Great stress is placed by appellant upon the fact that while each of the four intermediate grievance procedures are declared to be "final and binding" unless the aggrieved party registers a protest within a specified time period,*fn4 the decision of the arbitrator is not explicitly referred to as being a final and binding one. We find this omission to be without significance. To begin with, common sense indicates there would be no need for the drafters to label the last step "final and binding," unless, as is the case with the steps preceding arbitration, they envisioned the aggrieved party obtaining a further review of the merits by filing objections within a specified time period. More importantly, both federal and state cases are in accord that "unless they are restricted by the submission [agreement], the arbitrators are the final judges of both law and fact and their award will not be disturbed for a mistake of either." Newspaper Guild v. Philadelphia Daily News, Inc., 401 Pa. 337, 346, 164 A.2d 215, 220 (1960); accord, ...