Appeal from order of Superior Court, Oct. T., 1965, No. 696, affirming order of Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne County, March T., 1965, No. 1268, in case of Commonwealth ex rel. Charles F. Gordon v. David N. Myers, Superintendent.
Patrick J. Toole, Jr., with him Winkler, Danoff, Lubin and Toole, for appellant.
Richard A. Kane, Assistant District Attorney, with him Arthur L. Piccone, First Assistant District Attorney, and Thomas E. Mack, District Attorney, for appellee.
Bell, C.j., Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen and O'Brien, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Eagen.
This is an appeal from an order of the Superior Court*fn1 affirming the action of the Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne County in dismissing, after hearing, the petition of the appellant, Charles F. Gordon, for a writ of habeas corpus.
The facts are as follows:
On June 16, 1954, Gordon was arrested and detained for robbery and forcible rape. On the following morning he was taken before a justice of the peace for a preliminary hearing, where he entered a plea of guilty to the charges. He was not represented by counsel, nor was any right in this regard explained to him.
Immediately thereafter he was taken to the district attorney's office, where, without the advice or assistance of counsel, he executed written waivers of presentation of the charges to the grand jury and signed guilty pleas on district attorney bills. He was not advised of his right to have the charges presented to a grand jury or his right to a jury trial. However, the district attorney did inquire if he wanted a lawyer; to which, he replied "no."
Shortly thereafter he was taken before the court, where, without counsel, he entered pleas of guilty to the district attorney bills which included the charges of robbery and rape.
On June 23, 1954, again without counsel, he was sentenced to a term of imprisonment totaling twenty to forty years and, as a result, has since been continuously confined. No appeals were entered from the judgments of sentence.
When Gordon appeared before the court to enter his pleas, the following colloquy occurred in reference to his being represented by counsel: "BY THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY: Q. You were asked downstairs if you wanted an attorney. I ask you now in front of the judge whether or not you want a lawyer? A. I am not sure of myself. BY THE COURT: Q. Well, let's make sure if you are, you signed these pleas of guilty, I believe? A. Yes. Q. Why did you sign them? A. Because I am guilty of the facts. . . . BY THE COURT: Q. Now, do I understand that previously the district attorney asked if you wanted a lawyer? A. Yes. Q. What did you tell him? A. I told him I didn't know, I didn't think so because I am all mixed up. Q. Well get unmixed. A. He asked me downstairs if I wanted a lawyer. Q. You told him? A. I told him I didn't know. Q. Do ...