The opinion of the court was delivered by: FOLLMER
The plaintiffs instituted this action against Edward Peterson Kruse, Jr., to recover damages for injuries alleged to have been sustained in an automobile accident. Subsequently, the United States of America was substituted as defendant because the said Edward Peterson Kruse, Jr., was an employee of the United States and was acting within the scope of his employment at the time of the said accident and under 28 U.S.C. § 2679(b) the exclusive remedy is against the United States under the Federal Tort Claims Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1346(b). Then the United States filed a motion to join as third-party defendants, Government Employees Insurance Company (GEIC), an insurance carrier which insured the Government employee, Kruse, and Pennsylvania National Mutual Casualty Insurance Company (PNMCIC), which insured the vehicle being operated by Kruse at the time of the accident with the permission of the owner, Charles Greico. Briefs have been filed, the motion has been argued and is currently before this Court for determination.
It is also argued that the United States has not complied with conditions precedent for recovery. This is in error in that by letters dated September 28, 1966 to GEIC and PNMCIC, the Government tendered the defense of this action. Moreover, although the case pending before the court is an action ex delicto while the cause of action which the Government may have under the insurance contract is an action ex contractu, this is no bar to joinder under Rule 14 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
The potential conflicts between the duties of the Attorney General and/or the United States Attorney to defend and the policy provision which gives the insurer complete control of the defense of claims is not an insurmountable obstacle, and does not operate to exclude the United States from insurance coverage. Adams v. United States, supra, 241 F. Supp. at 385; United States v. Myers, supra, 363 F.2d at 620-621.
The final objection that warrants discussion is that it was not within the reasonable contemplation of the insurance carrier (PNMCIC) that the car owned by Grieco would be operated by a Government employee. The omnibus definition of "an insured" completely negates this argument. See Adams v. United States, supra, 241 F. Supp. at 385. Any other objections not specifically covered herein are overruled.
Accordingly, the motion of the United States to join Government Employees Insurance Company and Pennsylvania National Mutual Casualty Insurance Company as third-party defendants will be granted.
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