Appeal from decree of Court of Common Pleas of Fayette County, No. 2481 in Equity, in case of School District of City of Uniontown, New Salem Independent School District, Edwin A. Smeal et al. v. Marclay Union School District, Franklin Township School District, Menallen Township School District et al.
Paul V. Mahoney, with him David E. Cohen, for appellants.
Ira B. Coldren, Jr., with him J. B. Adams, Fred C. Adams and D. W. MacDonald, Jr., for appellees.
Bell, C.j., Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Eagen.
This is an appeal from a final decree in equity entered below.
Pursuant to the provisions of the Public School Code, Act of March 10, 1949, P.L. 30, 24 P.S. § 1-101 et seq., as added and amended, particularly by the School District Reorganization Acts of August 8, 1963, P.L. 564, and April 26, 1965, P.L. 20, § 1, 24 P.S. § 3-303.1(b), the County Board of School Directors of Fayette County at a duly called and constituted convention adopted a plan of reorganization for the county school system consisting of six administrative units or districts. An interim operating committee for each was elected. The plan was submitted to the Pennsylvania Department of Public Instruction and approved.
Subsequently, certain school districts included within one of the new administrative districts (Administrative Unit 63-6), joined in by a number of taxpayers therein, instituted this action in equity to enjoin the committee elected therefor from organizing and functioning. Over objection, the court entertained the action. After hearing, it ruled that the committee was illegally constituted, based upon its conclusion, that the convention "did not apply the principle of proportionate representation according to population in
the selection of the members" of the committee, as required by the Act of 1965, supra, § 3-303.1(b). A final decree permanently enjoining the committee from operating was entered. It was also directed that a new convention be called and a new committee elected. This appeal followed.
The first question presented is whether or not the lower court had the power to review the merits of the pertinent decision of the convention in this action, particularly, in view of the provisions of the governing statute, the Act of 1965, supra, that "the decision of the convention in selecting the interim committee shall be final."*fn1 We conclude it did not.
Where a statute expressly denies the right of appeal from a legislative act of some administrative agency, judicial review thereof is not available except as to the question of jurisdiction and regularity of the proceedings. The merits of the controversy cannot be considered, even though the interpretation of the facts or the law by the agency involved may have been erroneous. See, Kaufman Construction Co. v. Holcomb, 357 Pa. 514, 55 A.2d 534 (1947); and, Newport Twp. Sch. Dist. v. State Tax Equal. Board, 366 Pa. 603, 79 A.2d 641 (1951). The decision of the convention in electing the committee involved was purely a legislative function delegated to the school districts by the legislature, in the performance of the Commonwealth's responsibility of maintaining and establishing a public school system. In stating that "the decision of ...