Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas of Venango County, Jan. T., 1965, No. 17, in case of Commonwealth ex rel. William C. Bell v. H. E. Russell, Superintendent.
William C. Bell, appellant, in propria persona.
Harry W. Gent, Jr., District Attorney, for appellee.
Bell, C. J., Musmanno, Jones, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Roberts. Mr. Justice Cohen took no part in the consideration or decision of this case.
This is an appeal from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Venango County denying appellant's petition for a writ of habeas corpus.
Appellant, while represented by counsel, was tried in November of 1959, and found guilty of murder in the second degree. He was sentenced to serve a term of imprisonment of 10 to 20 years. No appeal was taken from the judgment of conviction or sentence.
Appellant now contends that his conviction should be set aside on the ground that his confession, admitted
at trial, was obtained in the absence of counsel during pretrial police interrogation in violation of Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478, 84 S. Ct. 1758 (1964). We find no merit in this contention.
In Johnson v. New Jersey, 384 U.S. 719, 86 S. Ct. 1772 (1966), the Supreme Court of the United States held that Escobedo was not to be given retrospective application.*fn1 Accordingly, appellant's trial having occurred prior to the decision in Escobedo, his reliance upon that case will not support the issuance of a writ of habeas corpus. Moreover, appellant does not assert, and the record does not reveal that his confession was otherwise tainted. See Crooker v. California, 357 U.S. 433, 78 S. Ct. 1287 (1958); Cicenia v. LaGay, 357 U.S. 504, 78 S. Ct. 1297 (1958); Commonwealth ex rel. Mullenaux v. Myers, 421 Pa. 61, 217 A.2d 730 (1966).*fn2
Appellant next contends that his constitutional rights were infringed by the refusal of the court below to appoint counsel at the ...