Appeal from order of Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, April T., 1960, No. 28, in case of Lois B. Drummond, and Lois B. Drummond, mother and guardian of the person of Bonnie Drummond, a minor v. Robert Watchorn Drummond.
David N. Bressler, with him Harry Shapiro, Desmond J. McTighe, and Shapiro, Stalberg, Cook, Murphy & Kalodner, for appellant.
Carl M. Mazzocone, for appellee.
Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Cohen.
The Act of May 23, 1907, P. L. 227, §§ 1, 2, as amended, December 15, 1955, P. L. 878, §§ 1, 2, 48 P.S. §§ 131, 132, permits the institution of an equity action by a wife against her husband for support and maintenance under certain circumstances.
In Drummond v. Drummond, 414 Pa. 548, 200 A.2d 887 (1964), we affirmed the lower court's determination as to the amount of support required to be paid by the husband to the wife, but we vacated the award
of counsel fee and "vacated without prejudice to plaintiff to commence a separate action " (emphasis supplied) the lower court's determination with respect to the contested property rights of the parties in real estate in Stone Harbor, New Jersey and Jenkintown, Pennsylvania, and also in respect to the contested ownership of a brokerage account.
Upon remand, plaintiff-wife petitioned the lower court for leave to sever from the action for support her causes of action claiming ownership of the real estate and of the brokerage account, and requested leave to file an amended complaint. Defendant-husband appealed to this Court from the order permitting the severance, which appeal we quashed in an opinion by Justice O'Brien, wherein he pointed out that defendant-husband should have filed preliminary objections to the amended complaint raising questions of jurisdiction. Pa. R. C. P. 1017.*fn1 On remand, the husband-defendant followed the suggestion of Justice O'Brien and did file preliminary objections to the amended complaint in the nature of a petition raising questions of jurisdiction. The lower court dismissed the preliminary objections to jurisdiction from which dismissal defendant-husband took the instant appeal.
We thought by our opinion in 414 Pa. we had terminated the proceedings instituted by the wife-plaintiff under the Act of 1907, as amended, for all causes of action other than support. Justice O'Brien in 419 Pa. so indicated when he said: "We held in that case [414 Pa. 548] that appellee's claims to the personalty and real estate and the claim for maintenance were essentially distinct and therefore should have been brought and tried separately, their consolidation constituting
a misjoinder of causes of action. We therefore vacated the lower court's determination on the real estate and personalty claims 'without prejudice to plaintiff to commence a separate action.'" It is clear that our opinion in 414 Pa. terminated, absent any change in circumstances, the proceedings as to support. We there affirmed the lower court's action in respect to the support order. It is equally clear that the proceedings pertaining to the real estate and personalty claims were terminated by our vacation of the lower court's decree. In fact, the court below never had jurisdiction in the equity action for support to entertain or adjudicate any property rights existing between husband and wife. Only the obligation for support is at issue in an action instituted under the Act of 1907. Thus, by our decision in 414 Pa. there remained no cause of action which the wife-plaintiff could sever from the action of support, since, we held (1) that no other property rights could be adjudicated in the support action, so that there was no action to ...