The opinion of the court was delivered by: GRIM
Relator in 1951 was tried and convicted of several robberies for which he presently is incarcerated. In this habeas corpus petition, he asserts that his constitutional rights have been violated by the denial of the assistance of counsel at his preliminary hearings and pretrial arraignment and by the alleged inadequate assistance of counsel at his trial and post-trial proceedings.
Counsel for relator was appointed by this court and a hearing held at which relator was present, testified, and was assisted by counsel.
Although it does not appear that all presently available state remedies have been exhausted with regard to the issues raised in this petition,
no useful purpose will be served by permitting relator to burden
this court and the courts of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania with more petitions containing the same allegations as are made in the present petition, particularly since it is clear that these allegations are without any constitutional merit. The doctrine of exhaustion of state remedies was devised to avoid "unseemly collisions by allowing the state courts first opportunity to review alleged state abuses of federal constitutional rights." United States ex rel. Drew v. Myers, 327 F.2d 174, 183 (3d Cir. 1964). However, it is never an "indignity to state processes" to hold that the particular allegations of state abuses are clearly without merit. See In re Thompson's Petition, 301 F.2d 659, 660 (3d Cir. 1962); Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ex rel. Craig v. Maroney, 348 F.2d 22 (3d Cir. June 30, 1965). Accordingly, the court will consider the merits of relator's allegations.
The records in this case are not clear as to whether or not relator was represented by counsel at his preliminary hearings or at his pre-trial arraignment. However, lack of counsel at these stages of criminal proceedings constitutes a denial of constitutional rights only if under the circumstances of the case the preliminary hearings and pre-trial arraignment can be considered a "critical" stage in the criminal proceedings, i.e. a point where the rights of the defendant must be preserved or irretrievably lost. White v. State of Maryland, 373 U.S. 59, 83 S. Ct. 1050, 10 L. Ed. 2d 193 (1963); Hamilton v. State of Alabama, 368 U.S. 52, 82 S. Ct. 157, 7 L. Ed. 2d 114 (1961).
In the present case nothing that transpired at relator's preliminary hearings was introduced into evidence against him at his trial. Moreover relator testified that he pleaded not guilty at his pretrial arraignment. In these circumstances, and considering the nature of a Pennsylvania preliminary hearing and pre-trial arraignment, it cannot be said that the lack of counsel at these stages of the proceedings deprived relator of any 14th Amendment right. See United States ex rel. Maisenhelder v. Rundle, 229 F. Supp. 506 (E.D.Pa.1964); United States ex rel. Parker v. Myers, 233 F. Supp. 563 (E.D.Pa.1964), aff'd 341 F.2d 303 (3d Cir. 1965).
Relator's second group of allegations to the effect that he was denied adequate assistance of counsel by his court-appointed attorney at his trial and post-trial proceedings are likewise without merit.
Specifically, relator complains that (1) his court-appointed attorney did not communicate with him prior to the trial, (2) made no voir dire challenges of prospective jurors, (3) entered a plea of guilty on his behalf without consent, (4) submitted no points for charge to the court, (5) made no oral argument nor submitted any brief on relator's motion for a new trial and (6) failed to appeal relator's conviction to the appellate courts of Pennsylvania.
The first allegation is patently incorrect; at a prior state habeas corpus hearing relator himself testified that he talked to his attorney at the County Prison at least once before his trial.
The record is silent as to whether defense counsel challenged any of the prospective jurors on voir dire or submitted any points for charge to the court. However, I know of no constitutional requirement that such be done in every trial and relator has failed to demonstrate any prejudice to his case assuming that these actions were in fact not taken by defense counsel.
The record of relator's prior state habeas corpus petition, however, does demonstrate that defense counsel vigorously argued the motion for a new trial on relator's behalf.
Relator's contentions to the contrary are unworthy of belief.
Finally, relator has failed to demonstrate or even allege that he ever requested the assistance of counsel to appeal his conviction. Nor is there any indication in the record that relator was unaware of his right to appeal or that defense counsel failed to advise him of his right.
In view of these circumstances, it cannot be said that relator has been denied the adequate assistance of counsel guaranteed to him by the Constitution. The test of constitutional deprivation arising from inadequate assistance of counsel is "representation so lacking in competence that it becomes the duty of the court or the prosecution to observe it and correct it." In re Ernst's Petition, 294 F.2d 556, 558 (3d Cir. 1961). Upon review of the entire transcript of relator's trial, it ...