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HARPER ESTATE (05/25/65)


decided: May 25, 1965.


Appeal from decree of Orphans' Court of Delaware County, No. 47 of 1963, in re estate of Charles B. Harper, deceased.


James Patterson, with him Edward D. McLaughlin, for appellants.

Guy G. deFuria, with him Malcolm B. Petrikin, and Chadwick, Petrikin, Smithers and Ginsburg, and deFuria, Larkin and deFuria, for appellee.

Bell, C. J., Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen, O'Brien and Roberts, JJ. Opinion by Mr. Justice Jones.

Author: Jones

[ 418 Pa. Page 197]

Charles B. Harper (decedent), died October 25, 1962, survived by a widow and eight children.*fn1 Upon decedent's death, a dispute arose as to whom letters of administration c.t.a. would be issued and, after several hearings, the Orphans' Court of Delaware County

[ 418 Pa. Page 198]

    appointed G. W. Davis, a member of the bar, as the administrator c.t.a.*fn2 (personal representative).

The instant controversy arises from a public sale by the personal representative on December 6, 1963, of decedent's interest in a lumberyard business located in Ridley Park and conducted under the name of Charles B. Harper, Inc. (the corporation). Until 1959 decedent had conducted this business as an individual but in 1959 the business was incorporated with the decedent as the sole owner of all the capital stock. Although the business then had a book value of $200,000, it was incorporated for $10,000 and the balance was set up as a debt owed by the corporation to the decedent.*fn3 At the time of decedent's death this balance was carried on the corporate books as an account payable in the amount of $185,825.18.

On September 30, 1963, the personal representative received an offer to purchase decedent's interest in the corporation, i.e., the stock and the debt owed him by the corporation, for $40,000 in cash. This offer was made by Charles B. Harper, Jr. (Harper, Jr.), one of decedent's sons. Decedent's widow and one of the daughters petitioned the court to restrain this sale and Harper, Jr. then withdrew his offer.

Thereafter, the personal representative petitioned*fn4 the Orphans' Court of Delaware County to sell decedent's

[ 418 Pa. Page 199]

    interest in this corporation at a public sale. Over the objections of decedent's widow and one daughter (appellants), the court directed the sale be held on December 6, 1963. Notice of this sale was given by public advertisement and by written notice to all parties in interest, including the tax authorities. Although four or five persons appeared at the sale, only Harper, Jr. submitted a bid, said bid being in the cash amount of $40,000. The personal representative then petitioned the court to confirm this sale, the appellants filed objections to such confirmation and on December 9, 1963, the court held a hearing. The objections to the confirmation of the sale -- both as set forth in the written objections and at the hearing -- appear to have been two-fold: (1) that the personal representative had failed and refused "to have a complete audit account of the accounts receivable and other assets of the corporation and proper and sufficient information was not furnished to bidders concerning such values"; (2) that the appellants wanted distribution of the corporate

[ 418 Pa. Page 200]

    stock in kind.*fn5 After hearing, the court below confirmed and approved the sale. This appeal was then taken.*fn6

The sole issue before us is the propriety, under the circumstances, of the decree of the court below which confirmed the public sale of the decedent's interest in this corporation.

Appellants' position is that, because of the absence of an independent audit of the corporation, particularly its accounts receivable and inventoried items, they could not formulate an opinion as to the fairness and reasonableness of the price of $40,000 bid for the business, that it was the duty of the personal representative to furnish and the duty of the court to require the personal representative to furnish such an audit at the expense of the estate and that the personal representative failed to sustain his burden of proving that the conditions of the sale were free and fair and that the final bid was fair and reasonable. The principal thrust of appellants' attack is that the financial statement, attached to the petition which furnished information to possible and potential bidders, was prepared "without audit" by an accounting firm of which the husband of one of decedent's daughters was not only a member but the active member in preparing this financial statement.

The financial statement was prepared by a Mr. Draper who, in addition to being a son-in-law of decedent,

[ 418 Pa. Page 201]

    had for about ten years been decedent's accountant in his business. Mr. Draper testified at the hearing*fn7 that the type of financial statement prepared -- the same as always prepared for decedent during his lifetime -- was called, under the procedure set forth by the American Institute of Accountants, "without audit" which means that the accounting firm has done a normal audit except that in certain areas, such, as in this case, the accounts receivable and the inventory, the audit did not encompass an investigation of each account receivable and each inventory item to confirm its existence and determine its worth. However, he did testify that, from his prior knowledge of decedent's business, he could put a value on the accounts receivable and that, had he "confirmed" the accounts receivable, he would come up with comparatively the same value.

During the hearing the court offered a reasonable time to appellants' counsel to secure an accountant to make an audit of the corporate books and assets and liabilities on behalf of appellants and, while at first reluctant to avail himself of that offer, appellants' counsel finally decided to think it over and notify the court whether such offer would be accepted. While the record is silent as to whether appellants' counsel did notify the court of his ultimate decision, the court did wait eight days before confirming the sale.

An examination of this record reveals that the personal representative did attempt to make a private sale of decedent's interest in the corporation, that the

[ 418 Pa. Page 202]

    estate was for all intents and purposes insolvent, that there were claims against the estate, particularly tax claims, which had to be paid, that the personal representative had secured independent appraisals of various items contained in the inventory, that the land on which the lumberyard was located was held on a tenuous basis and that the financial statement attached to the petition sufficiently set forth the corporate assets and liabilities. Moreover, the record does not indicate that appellants state that the price bid was unfair and unreasonable but, on the contrary, aver simply a lack of knowledge as to the fairness and reasonableness of the price bid. If the appellants really wanted to be satisfied of the fairness and reasonableness of the price bid they had full opportunity to have an audit made by an accounting firm of their own choice, an opportunity which they chose to ignore.

"Where there has been a completely advertised and a fair and open public sale of real estate without collusion, pursuant to order of court, the price obtained is prima facie fair and reasonable and the burden is upon objectors to prove the contrary." Freihofer Estate, 86 Pa. D. & C. 415, 420; aff'd 376 Pa. 317, 101 A.2d 898. See also: Tyson's Estate, 80 Pa. Superior Ct. 29. In the case at bar, no attack is made upon the method or manner of the sale, the steps leading up to such sale nor is there any averment or proof of any collusion or improper actions on the part of the personal representative. Under such circumstances, it was for appellants to prove, rather than insinuate, that the price bid was unfair or unreasonable and appellants failed to do so. See: Plummer v. Wilson, 322 Pa. 118, 124, 185 A. 311.

Our review of this record indicates that the court below acted with propriety in its confirmation of the public sale of decedent's interest in this corporation.

[ 418 Pa. Page 203]

Decree affirmed.*fn8 Costs on appellants.


Decree affirmed.

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