to defendant was removed to this Court. Now before the Court are two motions: the first, filed by plaintiff, to remand this action to the Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, for failure to join Phillip P. O'Connor in the removal petition and the second, presented by the United States, to substitute it as defendant in this action.
This is an action which clearly comes within the provision of 28 § U.S.C. § 2679(d) and is removable. Upon presentation of the necessary certificate by the United States Attorney, this cause of action was properly removed to this Court. Gustafson v. Peck, 216 F.Supp. 370 (N.D.Iowa W.D.1963); Van Dorn v. Huffman, 221 F.Supp. 285 (E.D.Ill.1963). This action is distinguishable from the situation involved in McMahan v. Fontenot, 212 F.Supp. 812 (W.D.Ark.1963). In that case, the action was removable as to both defendants, although the removal petition was presented by only one defendant without the joinder of the other. The Court there pointed out that the petition for removal failed to 'disclose any reason why Langston did not join therein.' McMahan v. Fontenot, supra, 814. Here the action as to Phillip P. O'Connor was not removable and that fact was clearly set forth in the petition. While there is authority for the Court's retaining jurisdiction of a cause of action not removable if joined with a removable one, that is not to say that the joinder of O'Connor is required here for a proper removal under 28 U.S.C. § 2679(d). Van Dorn v. Huffman, supra. Because this action was properly removed, plaintiff's motion to remand must be denied.
In an action such as this, arising out of the alleged negligent operation of a motor vehicle by an employee of the United States, the remedy against the United States shall be exclusive and the individual employee shall be immune from liability. 28 U.S.C. § 2679(b);
Gustafson v. Peck, supra. For this reason, and because an action removed to this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2679(d) shall be 'deemed a tort action brought against the United States', the motion filed by the United States to substitute it as defendant must be granted.
An appropriate order will be entered.