The Employer, after filing its Complaint on July 30, 1964, moved for a preliminary injunction on October 7, 1964, to stay arbitration proceedings planned for October 15, 1964, pending disposition of this motion for summary judgment. After a hearing held on October 12, 1964, we issued a temporary restraining order staying the arbitration. We then granted the parties an advanced hearing date on the instant motion.
The judicial function in cases of this nature is to determine 'whether the party seeking arbitration is making a claim which on its face is governed by the contract. Whether the moving party is right or wrong is a question of contract interpretation for the arbitrator.' United Steelworkers of America v. American Manufacturing Co., 363 U.S. 564, 568, 80 S. Ct. 1343, 1346, 4 L. Ed. 2d 1403 (1960). All doubtful cases must be resolved in favor of arbitration. United Steelworkers of America v. Warrior & Gulf Navigation Co., 363 U.S. 574, 582, 80 S. Ct. 1347, 4 L. Ed. 2d 1409 (1960).
The Agreement at Article X provides for arbitration of grievances, complaints or disputes arising out of the interpretation or application of any provision of the Agreement when the parties are unable to adjust such grievances, complaints or disputes. Under Article XXI, the 'No Strikes, No Lockouts' clause, paragraph 2 states:
'2. Any differences or misunderstandings which may arise between the contracting parties shall be amicably adjusted by and between the parties themselves, and if the parties themselves cannot amicably adjust the same, then the matter shall be referred to a Board of Arbitration as provided in Article X hereof. (Emphasis supplied)
While Article X limits the subjects of arbitration to disputes arising out of the interpretation or application of the Agreement, Article XXI considerably broadens the scope of arbitration to encompass any differences or misunderstandings which cannot be amicably adjusted between the parties.
The Union claims that the Employer has improperly applied the nonfood attendant classification in the Agreement. The Employer contends that it has not violated any clause of the Agreement. Whatever else may be said regarding the nature of this controversy there assuredly exists a 'difference or misunderstanding' between the parties. Unless we are to ignore the plain language of Article XXI this misunderstanding certainly is subject to arbitration. If Article XXI was merely intended to restate the conditions imposed by Article X then the same language should have been used. The conclusion is inescapable that the contracting parties wanted to insure a harmonious labor-management relationship throughout the term of this Agreement, hence the broad latitude of Article XXI to cover any possible differences between the contracting parties. Where a contract contains an arbitration clause of such sweeping magnitude, only the most forceful evidence of a purpose to exclude a claim from arbitration can prevail. United Steelworkers of America v. Warrior & Gulf Navigation Co., supra, p. 585, 80 S. Ct. 1347. Such evidence is not present in this case.
While a Court may consider a particular claim to be frivolous we have no business considering the equities or weighing the merits of the grievance involved. United Steelworkers of America v. American Manufacturing Co., supra, p. 568, 80 S. Ct. 1343.
Resolution of this difference or misunderstanding will require the examination of the bargaining history of the contracting parties concerning their negotiations and oral understandings not set forth in the contract. This task can only be performed by the arbitrators and not the Court. Association of Westinghouse Salaried Employees v. Westinghouse Electric Corp., 283 F.2d 93 (3 Cir 1960). But see, Communications Workers v. Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Co., 337 F.2d 455 (9 Cir. 1964).
Therefore, we find this difference or misunderstanding to be an arbitrable dispute.
And now, this 1st day of December, 1964, it is ordered that the instant dispute is subject to arbitration under the collective bargaining agreement. The plaintiff's motion for summary judgment is denied and the plaintiff's motion to stay arbitration is denied.