The opinion of the court was delivered by: DUSEN
The Indictment in Criminal No. 21118 (United States v. Johns-Manville Corporation, Keasbey and Mattison Company, et al.) was filed June 1, 1962, and charged the above-mentioned corporate defendants, as well as five of their employees, with violations of the antitrust laws (15 U.S.C. §§ 1 and 2) during a period from prior to 1954 to the date of the Indictment. The general nature of the charges are described in an opinion of this court dated December 13, 1962, and reported at 213 F.Supp. 65 (E.D.Pa.1962). The trial of the two corporate defendants and the two principal individual defendants lasted from January 9 until May 21, 1964, on which date the jury returned verdicts of not guilty as to the two corporate defendants and one individual defendant, the other individual defendant having had a judgment of acquittal entered in his case at the conclusion of the Government's evidence.
Paragraph 7(a) of the Indictment reads as follows:
'7. Various corporations and individuals not made defendants herein have participated as co-conspirators in the offense charged herein, and have performed acts and made statements in furtherance thereof. These co-conspirators, some of them being unknown to the grand jurors, include, but are not limited to, the following:
'(a) Turner & Newall, Limited, with registered offices at Manchester, England. Through subsidiaries, this company is engaged, among other things, in the mining of asbestos and the manufacture of asbestos products in the United States, England, Canada, Africa and elsewhere. Through a wholly-owned Canadian subsidiary, it is the owner of all outstanding capital stock of the defendant Keasbey & Mattison.'
On May 28, 1964, Turner and Newall, Ltd. instituted this action by an application moving 'the Court for an order expunging from the Indictment * * * so much of Count I, paragraph 7(a), that alleges that Turner and Newall, Ltd. participated as co-conspirators in violation of Section One of the Sherman Antitrust Act.' A hearing was held on this application on June 16, 1964, at which time evidence was offered by Turner and Newall, Ltd. in support of its application. This evidence consisted of references to the notes of testimony in the above-mentioned criminal trial. An examination of the record in that trial, as received in evidence in this case, and the trial judge's recollection of the Grand Jury testimony which he examined on several occasions between the date of the Indictment and the conclusion of the above-mentioned trial on May 21, 1964,
require the finding that sufficient evidence has not been presented
in either this proceeding or in Criminal No. 21118 to support the charge in Count One, paragraph 7(a), that Turner and Newall, Ltd. participated as a co-conspirator in the offense charged in the above-mentioned Indictment.
While the facts are reasonably fresh in the mind of the trial judge, the foregoing finding (last sentence of 2nd preceding paragraph) is being entered. This Preliminary Memorandum will give the Government and any other interested party full opportunity to challenge the finding contained in the last sentence of the 2nd preceding paragraph if either the Government or any interested party should care to do so. If no Motions challenging this finding are filed within 30 days, the Clerk will be directed to attach to paragraph 7(a) of the Indictment a reference to this finding so that the court's records will not improperly reflect on a corporation which is entitled to the presumption of innocence.
ORDER AFFIRMING JURISDICTION
And now, July 22, 1964, it is ordered that this court has the jurisdiction (a) to make the finding at pages 2-3 of the Preliminary Memorandum filed June 19, 1964, and (b) to provide for an appropriate notification to the public to be attached to paragraph 7(a) of the Indictment in Criminal No. 21118, as specified in the last sentence of that Preliminary Memorandum.
Although this applicant is not a non-profit corporation conducted by dedicated scientists with democratic procedures (see Exhibit A-95 in Misc. No. 2699) such as the applicant in Misc. No. 2699, the record requires the above order for the basic reasons contained in the Memorandum Opinion of July 20, 1964, in Application of American Society for Testing and Materials, Misc. No. 2699, D.C., 231 F.Supp. 686.
The following cases relied on by the Government at the hearing are quite different in their facts from this case and, hence, are not persuasive: United States v. Alaska SS. Co., 253 U.S. 113, 40 S. Ct. 448, 64 L. Ed. 808 (1920); United States v. Hamburg-American Co., 239 U.S. 466, 475-476, 36 S. Ct. 212, 60 L. Ed. 387 (1916); St. Pierre v. United States, 319 U.S. 41, 63 S. Ct. 910, 87 L. Ed. 1199 (1943).
This case involves the imputation of illegality, up to June 1, 1962, and inferentially thereafter, to the applicant in a document of record, which is not a moot question as far as the applicant is concerned. The Memorandum and finding of June 19, 1964, are based upon a specific record in a real and substantial controversy. See Aetna Life Insurance Co. v. Haworth, 300 U.S. 227, 240-241, 57 S. Ct. 461, 81 L. Ed. 617 (1937). The fact that the Government declined to appear as an active adversary, except on the issue of jurisdiction, should not deprive applicant of relief.
The above notification will be detachable so that it can be removed if this Indictment is submitted to a jury in the ...