The opinion of the court was delivered by: BODY
Morrice Jones petitions this Court for a writ of habeas corpus alleging a denial of due process based upon three grounds.
First: Petitioner claims that during his trial in Philadelphia in August 1961, certain 'perjured testimony' was admitted in evidence. In fact, from the petition it is clear that the testimony was hearsay. If it was error to admit this testimony, the error was harmless and, moreover, is mere trial error under Pennsylvania law, and was so treated by the Superior Court of Pennsylvania. Commonwealth ex rel. Jones v. Myers, 201 Pa.Super. 437, 193 A.2d 629 (1963); allocatur refused by Supreme Court on November 7, 1963. 'Federal courts may not promulgate rules of evidence for state courts under the guise of preserving due process'. United States ex rel. Saunders v. Myers, 276 F.2d 790 (3d Cir. 1960). Since the facts bearing on the 'perjured testimony' were fully and fairly determined, no evidentiary hearing is required in this Court to determine the same. Townsend v. Sain, 372 U.S. 293, 83 S. Ct. 745, 9 L. Ed. 2d 770 (1963).
Second: Petitioner alleges that he was denied his right to confront a witness. This witness was the victim of the aggravated robbery of which relator was convicted. At trial counsel for petitioner objected when the district attorney asked for a recess in order to produce the witness. Petitioner was represented by counsel and was himself present in court. This was the time for him to insist that the witness be produced, not now, more than two years later. Assuming that petitioner had a right to confrontation under the circumstances, and further, that this right is of the highest constitutional order, neither of which is here decided, clearly petitioner waived his right will full knowledge of all of the facts and circumstances. There is no question that one can effectively waive a constitutional right foreclosing any further complaint with regard thereto. Johnson v. Zerbst, 304 U.S. 458, 58 S. Ct. 1019, 82 L. Ed. 1461 (1938); Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391, 83 S. Ct. 822, 9 L. Ed. 2d 837 (1963).
AND NOW, this twenty-seventh day of January, 1964, in accordance with the foregoing Opinion, IT IS ORDERED that the petition of Morrice Jones for a writ of habeas corpus be and the same is hereby denied.
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