November 12, 1963
LOWER MERION TOWNSHIP.
Appeal, No. 9, Jan. T., 1964, from order of Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County, No. 62-7807, in case of Richard A. Furniss and Sarah D. Furniss, his wife, John R. Chamberlin, Jr. et al. v. Township of Lower Merion and The Home Life Insurance Company of America. Order affirmed.
Desmond J. McTighe, with him Philip D. Weiss, and Duffy, McTighe & McElhone, for appellants.
Edmund B. Spaeth, Jr., with him John E. Forsythe, Township Solicitor, and Wright, Spencer, Manning & Sagendorph, for Township, appellee.
Robert L. Trescher, with him Arthur H. Moss, Cassin W. Craig, and Montgomery, McCracken, Walker & Rhoads, and Wisler, Pearlstine, Talone & Gerber, for applicant, appellee.
Before Bell, C.j., Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen, O'brien and Roberts, JJ.
[ 412 Pa. Page 405]
OPINION BY MR. CHIEF JUSTICE BELL
Neighboring property owners petitioned the Court of Common Pleas of Montgomery County to declare an ordinance invalid*fn* because the permit for an apartment house constituted ad hoc rezoning of 40 acres, and because it constituted a flagrant violation of the applicable Township Comprehensive Plan especially in regard to the density of population as set forth in the plan. The Planning Commission made the following apt statement:
"... a word should be said with respect to a misunderstanding which frequently arises in connection with the adoption of any comprehensive Plan for the Township. The thought has often been expressed that, once a Plan has been approved, all difficulties are eliminated. The answer to this is that no comprehensive Plan is perfect; it cannot possibly envisage all problems which will face the community in the future. To preserve the value and overall integrity of any Plan there must be a constant review of it by the governmental authorities and their established agencies, having
[ 412 Pa. Page 406]
regard at all times, however, to the general objectives which have been determined. A Plan cannot remain static and at the same time be realistic, because the forces of growth, economic conditions, character and distribution of population and the technique of planning are constantly in motion."
It is a matter of common sense and reality that a comprehensive plan is not like the law of the Medes and the Persians; it must be subject to reasonable change from time to time as conditions in an area or a township or a large neighborhood change. Notwithstanding the able argument of appellant, we find no error of law or clear abuse of discretion.