Appeal, No. 11, Oct. T., 1963, from order of Court of Quarter Sessions of Chester County, Jan. T., 1960, No. 49, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. G. Rex Camp, Jr. Order, as modified, affirmed.
Francis X. Hope, Jr., with him Alan B. Portnoff, for appellant.
Norman J. Pine, Assistant District Attorney, with him Samuel J. Halpren, District Attorney, for Commonwealth, appellee.
Before Rhodes, P.j., Ervin, Wright, Woodside, Watkins, Montgomery, and Flood, JJ.
[ 201 Pa. Super. Page 485]
This is an appeal by G. Rex Camp, Jr. from an order of the Court of Quarter Sessions of Chester County, entered October 31, 1962, requiring him to pay the sum of $600.00 per month for the support of four children. The contentions advanced are (1) that the lower court erred "as a matter of law" in holding that appellant's son, G. Rex Camp, III, who was then aged eighteen years and had finished high school, should be included in the order; and (2) that the amount of the order was an abuse of discretion.
The instant proceeding had its inception in a petition filed by appellant's former wife on August 8, 1962, requesting an increase in an existing support order of $70.00 per week. Appellant and his wife, now divorced,
[ 201 Pa. Super. Page 486]
had four children, G. Rex, III, born April 12, 1944; James, born February 9, 1947; DeMaree, born March 8, 1948; and Emily, born April 19, 1949. Prior to the opening of the school year in the fall of 1962, appellant took G. Rex Camp, III, who had graduated from high school as "no more than an average student", to the Goldey Beacom School in Wilmington, Delaware, enrolled him in the two-year business course, paid the registration fee, and arranged for the boy to live at the Y.M.C.A. Appellant did not pay for tuition, books, or room and board, and his former wife was required to defray these expenses from her own funds. The court below concluded that appellant was "of sufficient ability to support a minor son attending business school beyond the high school level", and that it was "clearly within his own, his former wife's, and his son's contemplation that he would do so".
I. There is no question that a father's obligation to support his children includes the duty to provide a public school education. See Commonwealth v. Wingert, 173 Pa. Superior Ct. 613, 98 A.2d 203. A recurring problem has arisen concerning a father's duty to furnish support for a child pursuing his education beyond high school. In Commonwealth ex rel. Martin v. Martin, 196 Pa. Superior Ct. 355, 175 A.2d 138, the law was summarized as follows: "In the absence of an express contract, and unless the circumstances warrant it, a parent is not liable for the support of a child attending college... On the other hand, where there is an agreement to support, and it is within the contemplation of the parties, a father may be liable to support and furnish his child with a college education". In Commonwealth ex rel. Howell v. Howell, 198 Pa. Superior Ct. 396, 181 A.2d 903, we held that the existence of a child's educational endowment policy indicated that higher education was within the contemplation of the parties, and was a circumstance warranting the
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action of the court below in directing that the father should pay college tuition. Similarly, in the case at bar, we are fully in accord with the position of President Judge GAWTHROP that the conduct of this appellant in connection with his son's enrollment in business school demonstrated that higher education was ...