The opinion of the court was delivered by: GRIM
In these cases in which jurisdiction is founded only on diversity of citizenship, plaintiff administratrix resides in New Jersey, and the other plaintiffs reside in Connecticut; defendant Kingston Contracting Co., Inc., is a resident of Pennsylvania and defendants Herbert and Stout are residents of West Virginia. Defendants Herbert and Stout have filed motions to dismiss under the venue statute 28 U.S.C.A. § 1391:
'(a) A civil action wherein jurisdiction is founded only on diversity of citizenship may * * * be brought only in the judicial district where all plaintiffs or all defendants reside.'
Since neither the plaintiffs nor all the defendants reside in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, venue in this district is improper. However, Section 1406 of the Judicial Code provides, 28 U.S.C.A. § 1406:
'(a) The district court of a district in which is filed a case laying venue in the wrong division or district shall dismiss, or if it be in the interest of justice, transfer such case to any district or division in which it could have been brought.'
Plaintiffs have filed motions to sever the actions against Kingston Contracting Co., Inc., from those against defendants Herbert and Stout and to transfer the then severed actions against defendants Herbert and Stout to the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia.
Severance of actions against multiple defendants of different residences in order to transfer claims against parties as to whom venue is improper is permissible and proper procedure. 1 Moore, Federal Practice § 0.146(5) at 1906-10; 3 Moore, Federal Practice § 21.05 at 2910-12; Goldberg v. Wharf Constructers, 209 F.Supp. 499, 503, 504 (N.D.Ala.1962); United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency v. Glass Production Methods, Inc., 143 F.Supp. 248, 250 (S.D.N.Y.1956).
And now, August 2, 1963, the motions of defendants Walter C. Herbert and John H. Stout to dismiss the actions as to them are granted. The motions of plaintiffs to sever and transfer are denied.
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