One of the theories of relief is that the defendant manufacturers were guilty of various breaches of express and implied warranties with reference to the water heater. As between the manufacturers and the decedent, she was a sub-subpurchaser of this water heater, having purchased it from the former owner of the dwelling to which it was affixed. The subpurchaser bought the water heater in 1957 from a dealer in Massachusetts who had purchased the appliance from the manufacturer, Robertshaw-Fulton Controls Company.
At the time of this purchase in 1957, the sales act
was in effect in Massachusetts and want of privity was an absolute defense to an action for breach of an express or an implied warranty. Carter v. Yardley & Co., 319 Mass. 92-96, 64 N.E.2d 693, 164 A.L.R. 559 (1946); Sullivan v. H. P. Hood & Sons, Inc., 341 Mass. 216, 223, 168 N.E.2d 80 (1960).
Since this cause of action and the alleged 'sale' took place in Massachusetts, we must apply Massachusetts' law. Plaintiff's decedent, being a sub-subpurchaser, could never have been in privity with any of the defendant manufacturers.
Therefore, insofar as the plaintiff's complaint alleges a breach of warranty as giving rise to his cause of action for damages, we grant the defendants' motion to dismiss. The plaintiff still has a complete remedy under his theory of the alleged negligence of the defendants. In all other respects we hold that the plaintiff's amended complaint is sufficient to state a cause of action.
And now, this 30th day of April, 1963, the defendants' motion to dismiss is granted in regard to the plaintiff's claim for breach of warranty.