March 13, 1962
IN RE FLECK ESTATE.
Appeal, No. 68, Jan. T., 1962, from decree of Orphans' Court of Montgomery County, No. 49,311, in re estate of Howard Fleck, deceased. Decree affirmed.
Ella N. Petersen, for appellant.
Samuel H. High, Jr., for appellee.
Before Bell, C.j., Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Eagen and O'brien, JJ.
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OPINION BY MR. CHIEF JUSTICE BELL
Howard Fleck died on March 30, 1944, leaving a will in which, inter alia, he made certain bequests to named individuals including his widow and created a residuary testamentary trust of which his widow, Eva
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H. Fleck, was the principal life beneficiary. The will pertinently provided:
"6. All the rest, residue and remainder of my Estate of whatsoever kind and wheresoever situate, I give, devise and bequeath unto my Executors, hereinafter named, IN TRUST, nevertheless, to invest the same and keep the same invested, and, out of the income thereof, pay unto may niece, the said Caroline F. Christie, the monthly sum of FIFTY DOLLARS ($50.00) for and during the term of her natural life and the balance of income, thereafter remaining, to be paid unto my wife, EVA, for and during the term of her natural life, but should such income be insufficient for the comfortable maintenance of my said wife, then the Trustees are authorized from time to time to make payments to her out of the principal of the Trust, even though the same be in that way reduced or exhausted. ..."
Following the death of his widow Eva on February 11, 1957, her executor, who is the present appellant, requested the testamentary trustees under the will of Howard Fleck to prepare and file an account covering the administration of the trust. Thereafter the Orphans' Court confirmed the trustee's account and entered a decree nisi. Following oral argument on exceptions and a consideration of briefs, the Court below sustained some of the exceptions and entered a final Decree confirming absolutely its adjudication as modified by its Opinion and Decree. This appeal followed.
Appellant raises a host of questions concerning the administration of Howard Fleck's residuary testamentary trust, only some of which merit discussion.
One of appellant's principal arguments is that certain stock transactions resulted in the trust estate receiving income which should have been, but was not, distributed to his widow Eva or to her estate. In support of his argument appellant relies on paragraphs
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and 13 of Howard Eleck's will which provide:
"12. Any investment of any and all Trust Funds, it is my Will that the Trustees shall not be limited to such investments as are authorized by law for the investment of such funds and they are authorized and permitted to invest the same in such investments as to them may seem right and proper without any liability for any loss resulting therefrom.
"13. It is my Will that any and all stock dividends or beneficial distributions*fn1 to the Estate, as a stockholder, shall be treated as income, regardless of the effect the same may have upon the value of the security."
The stock transactions which appellant contends produce or result in dividends or beneficial distribution to the Estate, are as follows:
(1) The trustees in the course of their administration purchased for trust investment 10 shares of Westinghouse Electric Corporation 3 1/2% Cumulative Preferred A Stock which shares were called on January 6, 1950, resulting in a total profit of $89.93. The Court below held that the profit received by the trustees was not a "stock dividend" or a "beneficial distribution" to the Estate, but a conversion of principal assets at a gain.
(2) The trustees held 20 shares of National Lead Company Common Stock of a par value of $10 per share. The Company changed its capital structure by reducing the par value of its shares and as a result of a three for one split the trustees exchanged the twenty shares which they held for 60 shares of the new Common Stock. The 60 new shares were carried at the same value as the 20 original shares. No evidence was offered to show whether any part of the new stock represented accumulated earnings. The Court below held that the new shares represented neither a "stock dividend" nor a "beneficial distribution" to the Estate.
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(3) The trustees held 20 shares of Public Service Corporation of New Jersey. Upon a corporate reorganization these shares were exchanged for 20 shares of Public Service Electric & Gas Company and two shares of South Jersey Gas Company. The latter two shares were sold in 1951 by the trustees. The Court below held that these shares represented an exchange as a result of a corporate reorganization and were not "stock dividends" or a "beneficial distribution" to the Estate.
(4) The trustees, during the course of their trust administration, held as an investment 20 shares of United Gas Improvement Company Common Stock which, upon a reorganization of the U.G.I. they exchanged for 12 shares of Philadelphia Electric Company Common Stock and eight shares of Consumer Power Company stock. The trustees also received cash in lieu of fractional shares which they added to principal. The Court below likewise held this to be an exchange.
"We approach an interpretation of this will in the light of well settled principles. In Wanamaker Estate, 399 Pa. 274, 159 A.2d 201, the Court said (page 279): '"... The intention of the testator is the pole star in the interpretation of every will and that intention must be ascertained from a consideration of the entire will, including its scheme of distribution as well as its language, together with all the surrounding and attendant circumstances ... [and cases cited therein]."'": Heaton Estate, 404 Pa. 360, 365, 172 A.2d 293.
When a testator expresses his intention that certain corporate transactions or certain fiduciary transactions or that certain property received by his fiduciary shall be treated as income, his intent of course prevails, and as to these transactions and receipts the old Pennsylvania Rule of Apportionment and the "Principal and Income Act of 1947" have no application: cf.
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free from taxes and charges which are to be paid out of the income from my residuary estate and it is my will that my niece, CAROLINE F. CHRISTIE, shall be permitted to reside with her, free of charge if she should be unable to pay."
Appellant's claim must fail since it was admitted at bar that the executors conveyed the interest of the Estate and Eva H. Fleck likewise conveyed all her interest in the property. It necessarily follows that she thereby gave up any claim which she thereafter might have had in her right of use and occupancy and in any reimbursement for the loss thereof.
Claim is also made by appellant for $10,015.96 to reimburse Eva's Estate for sums allegedly spent by Eva for the support of herself during her lifetime. Appellant advances the argument that such sums were expended because the income from the testamentary trust was "insufficient for the comfortable maintenance" of his widow and the trustees did not invade the principal of the trust to meet this deficiency as authorized by the sixth paragraph of Howard Fleck's will. Unfortunately for appellant, the widow never claimed that the meager income she received was insufficient for her comfortable maintenance or asked the trustees for any additional sum out of principal and there is absolutely no evidence in the record to support the contention.
Appellant also claims (1) the stock of the Old York Road Realty Company on the ground that it was the property of Eva and not of Howard Fleck and (2) the sum of $193.27 representing the amount paid out of income for personal property taxes and (3) the profit realized on the sale of two vacant and unproductive parcels of real estate owned by Howard Fleck at his death. As to the stock the trustees proved that (1) the stock in fact belonged to Howard Fleck and (2) Eva H. Fleck voluntarily transferred it to the trustees. Appellant
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made no objection at the audit to the sum expended for personal property taxes but in any event such amount was properly charged to income: Hunter, Pa. Orphans' Court Commonplace Book (1st ed.) vol. 2, p. 889. The apportionment of the profits realized on the real estate which was decedent owned and unproductive was a matter for the sound discretion of the auditing Judge and his decision will not be reversed in the absence of a showing of a clear abuse in the exercise of that discretion: Hostetter Estate, 388 Pa. 339, 343-344, 131 A.2d 360; Crozer Estate, 346 Pa. 446, 449-450, 31 A.2d 147; Levy's Estate, 333 Pa. 440, 5 A.2d 98.
We have examined all of appellant's objections and contentions and find no merit in any of them.
Decree affirmed. Costs to be paid by appellant.