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TAX REVIEW BOARD v. MALLOY & SCHREINER (03/23/61)

March 23, 1961

TAX REVIEW BOARD, APPELLANT,
v.
MALLOY & SCHREINER, INC.



Appeal, No. 139, Jan. T., 1960, from judgment of Court of Common Pleas No. 2 of Philadelphia County, June T., 1957, No. 10565, in case of Tax Review Board, City of Philadelphia, v. Malloy & Schreiner, Inc. Judgment reversed; reargument refused May 2, 1961.

COUNSEL

Levy Anderson, First Deputy City Solicitor, with him Louis Kattelman and Leonard B. Rosenthal, Assistant City Solicitors, and David Berger, City Solicitor, for Tax Review Board, appellant.

Carl K. Zucker, with him Herbert Brener, and Eilberg, Meshon & Brener, for appellee.

Lester Eisenstadt, for amicus curiae.

Before Jones, C.j., Bell, Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Bok and Eagen, JJ.

Author: Cohen

[ 403 Pa. Page 298]

OPINION BY MR. JUSTICE COHEN.

This is an appeal from a judgment of the court of common pleas which relieved the taxpayer, Maloy & Schreiner, Inc., from the payment of the mercantile license tax on a transaction entered into by the taxpayer and Luria Brothers.

The transaction which generated the gross receipts upon which the City of Philadelphia imposed its tax began with the following "purchase contract" - "... Luria Brothers & Company, Inc.,... agrees to buy and Malloy & Schreiner, Inc., agrees to sell (material) clean cast iron borings suitable and acceptable to the consuming mill (quantity) one (1) carload (price) $19.75 per gross Ton F.O.B. car delivered Phoenixville,

[ 403 Pa. Page 299]

Pa. (shipment) within 10 days, to: Phoenix Iron & Steel Co., Phoenixville, Pa. (terms) usual (remarks) Mill reports to govern Kindly load in a car not over 50feet long per arrangement between Mr. John Malloy and our Mr. Forebaugh."

The taxpayer maintains that the tax should not be imposed upon the proceeds of this transaction because section 19.1001(6)(c) of the Code of General Ordinances of the City of Philadelphia, now The Philadelphia Code, section 1(h)(3) of the Ordinance of December 9, 1952 excludes from the tax: "the receipts or the portion thereof attributable to any item of sale involving the bona fide delivery of goods, commodities, wares or merchandise to a location regularly maintained by the other party to the transaction outside the limits of the City of Philadelphia and not for the purpose of evading payment of the tax or any portion thereof imposed under this ordinance."

The board concluded that delivery of the material to the Phoenix Iron & Steel Co., pursuant to this purchase order was not made to "the other parties to the transaction", thus the exclusion of these receipts from the tax base was not mandated, and imposed the tax. The taxpayer urges that Luria Brothers are in reality only brokers and "the other party to the transaction" is the Phoenix Iron and Steel Co., and hence this shipment fell within the exclusion and generated no tax liability. On appeal from the board's action the lower court adopted this theory and concluded that Luria had undertaken the dual function of a broker and financier and could not be considered the purchaser of the scrap and that the Phoenix Iron & Steel Co., was "the other party to the transaction." We cannot see ...


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