Appeal, No. 380, Oct. T., 1960, from judgment of Court of Common Pleas of Schuylkill County, May T., 1960, No. 22, in case of John Miles v. Joseph F. Gallagher et al. Judgment affirmed.
Joseph F. Dutka, for appellant.
Penrose Hertzler, for appellee.
Before Rhodes, P.j., Gunther, Wright, Woodside, Ervin, Watkins, and Montgomery, JJ.
[ 194 Pa. Super. Page 339]
The appeal in this workmen's compensation case raises the following question: Where a claimant, who has previously lost the index finger of his left hand in a non-compensable accident, loses his arm in a compensable accident, is the employer liable to pay the full compensation for the specific loss of the arm under section 306(c) of the Workmen's Compensation Act, as amended, 77 PS § 513, namely 215 weeks, or is the employer's liability reduced to the extent of the 35-week period covering the non-compensable loss of the index finger?
There is no factual dispute. The question presented is wholly one of law. In 1934, claimant, while repairing an automobile, suffered the loss of the left index finger by amputation through the middle phalanx. At the time, claimant was self-employed and therefore received no compensation for loss of the finger. On October 7, 1954, while in the employ of defendant, claimant suffered an accidental injury when his left arm was caught in the winch of a bulldozer, necessitating amputation of the left arm between the elbow and shoulder. Claimant's injury was limited to the specific loss of the left arm, and there is no question of disability separate and apart from the specific loss.
On October 22, 1954, an agreement was entered into covering payment of compensation for 180 weeks, being the 215 weeks provided in section 306(c) for the loss of an arm, less 35 weeks for the loss of the left index finger. The agreement for 180 weeks expired on March 27, 1958. On October 6, 1958, or 27 and 4/7 weeks after the expiration of the 180-week agreement, claimant filed a petition to review, asserting that the deduction of 35 weeks for the finger was improper.
[ 194 Pa. Super. Page 340]
At the hearing before the referee the crucial facts were established without contradiction. The referee concluded the agreement - covering 180 weeks, being 215 weeks for the loss of the left arm, less the 35 weeks for the loss of the left index finger - was proper, and dismissed claimant's review petition. On appeal, the board reversed and granted claimant compensation for the additional 35 weeks on the ground that the loss of the finger did not functionally interfere with the use of claimant's hand or arm, and that therefore claimant was entitled to the full 215 weeks for the loss of an arm. On appeal by the employer and the insurance carrier, the Court of Common Pleas of Schuylkill County reversed the board, and held that the employer was liable for loss of the left arm reduced by the compensation payable for the previous loss of the left index finger. Claimant has appealed.
We agree with the court below that the question presented on this appeal is ruled by principles announced in Leech v. Builders Supply Company, 102 Pa. Superior Ct. 543, 157 A. 629. In that case claimant lost a foot by amputation prior to the effective date of the Workmen's Compensation Act. We affirmed the board and the court of common pleas, and held that claimant was entitled to compensation for only 65 weeks, namely, the difference between 150 weeks for the loss of a foot and 215 weeks for the loss of a leg. We stated (page 547 of 102 Pa. Superior Ct., page 631 of 157 A.): "If we would accept the theory of the appellant, he could now recover for the loss of a leg, which includes the foot. But, when he was employed by the defendant, he did not have a left foot and he is not entitled, therefore, to receive compensation for ...