Appeals, Nos. 99 and 100, Jan. T., 1960, from judgment of Court of Common Pleas No. 4 of Philadelphia County, June T., 1955, No. 1703, in case of Leo J. Margolin et al. v. Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Judgment affirmed.
Sigmund H. Steinberg, with him Samuel P. Lavine, and Blank, Steinberg, Balder & Steinbrook, for appellants.
Philip Price, with him William H. Lowery, and Barnes, Dechert, Price, Myers & Rhoads, for appellee.
Before Jones, C.j., Bell, Musmanno, Jones, Cohen, Bok and Eagen, JJ.
OPINION BY MR. JUSTICE EAGEN.
This appeal is from the judgment entered below following the dismissal of plaintiffs' motion for a new trial in an action of trespass wherein relief was sought for an allegedly improper termination of an implied irrevocable license. The case was submitted to a jury solely on the issue of damages, the question of liability having been by agreement reserved to the court. The jury returned a verdict of "no damage." The court thereafter, and following argument on the matter of liability, determined that "there is no valid basis upon which to impose liability upon defendant." Appellants, of course, disagree and further contend that the jury's verdict was capricious. Appellants also assign
as error a series of allegedly improper rulings by the trial court on their objections to the admission into evidence of certain testimony and exhibits, all of appellants' exceptions to which rulings were discussed at length in the lower court's opinion.
Pursuant to authority conferred by ordinance of the City of Philadelphia, dated June 9, 1900, appellee entered into an agreement with the Commercial Trust Company on February 14, 1901, the sum and substance of which agreement called for the erection and maintenance by appellee of an elevated footbridge from the train floor of appellee's Broad Street Station to the second-story level of the proposed, but as yet unconstructed, Commercial Trust Building. When completed, the footbridge crossed Market Street on the easterly side of 15th Street. It was used for fifty years by patrons of appellee's railroad, by tenants of the Trust Company and its successors in title, and by the general public. Appellee's trains entered its Broad Street Station after passing over the widely familiar "Chinese Wall." As the years and times progressed, during which period appellee had constructed its downtown Suburban Station and its West Philadelphia 30th Street Station, the number of arrivals and departures from the Broad Street terminus lessened and lessened. Finally, and following approval of the Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission on March 10, 1952, appellee's last scheduled arrival entered Broad Street Station on April 27, 1952. Shortly thereafter the station was closed, a partition between its building and the footway was erected and later both the station and the footbridge were razed. The old "Chinese Wall," as well, succumbed to the modern drug of urban redevelopment.
So as to allow for the abutment of the footbridge at its northerly side, the Commercial Trust Building had to be specially constructed and was, accordingly,
so designed that stairways and doorways not ordinarily in such areas were provided for and installed. Because of this special conformance, which was necessitated to comply with the contractual provisions of the agreement of 1901, appellants, as successors in title to the Commercial Trust Company, claim that a license, impliedly arising from the agreement, became irrevocable. They assert as damages the special costs incident to the erection of the building in so special a way; the expense incurred in closing up the wall following the removal of the footbridge, in tearing down the stairways inside the building, and in converting this space into offices; the rental losses allegedly suffered as ...