March 24, 1960
KISSELL UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION CASE.
Appeal, No. 31 March T., 1960, by claimant, from decision of Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, No. B-52044, in re claim of Lewis G. Kissell. Decision affirmed.
Lewis G. Kissell, appellant, in propria persona.
Sydney Reuben, Assistant Attorney General, with him Anne X. Alpern, Attorney General, for Unemployment Compensation Board of Review, appellee.
Before Rhodes, P.j., Gunther, Wright, Woodside, Ervin, Watkins, and Montgomery, JJ.
[ 192 Pa. Super. Page 11]
OPINION BY WATKINS, J.
This is an unemployment compensation case in which the unemployment compensation authorities denied benefits to the claimant, Lewis G. Kissell, because he had insufficient earnings in his base year to qualify under the provisions of Section 404 of the Unemployment Compensation Law, 43 PS § 804.
Kissell was last employed by the Interstate Amesite Company, on October 1, 1958. He established a base year consisting of the fourth quarter of 1957 and the
[ 192 Pa. Super. Page 12]
first, second and third quarters of 1958. He did not earn anything in the first three quarters, but earned $763.87 in the fourth quarter, so that his total base year earnings and his highest quarterly wages are the same, amounting to $763.87.
Section 404(a) of the law, establishes a preliminary formula for determining a claimant's weekly benefit amount on the basis of his weekly earning experience. He is permitted to establish this from his highest quarterly wages or by 50% of his full-time weekly wage, whichever is higher.
In order to make the computation it is necessary to consult the table specified for the determination of the rate and amount of benefits as set forth in Section 404(e) which, so far as it relates to our problem, reads as follows:
"TABLE SPECIFIED FOR THE DETERMINATION OF RATE
AND AMOUNT OF BENEFITS
(Section 404(e) of the Unemployment
PART A PART B PART C PART D
Quarterly Rate of Qualifying Amount of
Wage Compensation Wages Compensation
$488-512 20 675 600
513-537 21 718 630
538-562 22 763 660
563-587 23 808 690
588-612 24 855 720
613-637 25 903 750
638 -662 26 952 780
663-687 27 1003 810
688-712 28 1055 840
713-737 29 1109 870
738-762 30 1164 900
763-787 31 1221 930"
[ 192 Pa. Super. Page 13]
The claimant's highest quarterly earnings of $763.87 under "Part A" can qualify him for benefits under "Part B" in the amount of $31 per week, provided his total base year wages amount to at least $1221 as set forth in "Part C". It is apparent he cannot qualify by this method. It is evident, too, that even if the claimant could demonstrate a full time weekly wage, such method would increase his monthly benefits but would also increase the qualifying total base year wages necessary for benefits.
Section 404(a) further provides, that if the claimant is unable to qualify by the first two methods, his weekly benefits shall be determined as, "3. that rate appearing in 'Part B' of the table, on the line on which in 'Part C' appears the amount of qualifying wages which most nearly approximates, but does not exceed, his base year wages."
Section 404(a) provides the basis for establishing the claimant's potential weekly rate and the qualifying amount of base year wages. Section 404(c) provides the basis for establishing the claimant's benefits if he does not have sufficient base year wages to qualify under Section 404(a) for the higher weekly benefit rate but does have the minimum qualifying amount of base year wages for a lower weekly benefit rate, and reads as follows: "(c) Any otherwise eligible employe shall be entitled during his benefit year to the amount appearing in 'Part D' of the Table Specified for the Determination of Rate and Amount of Benefits, on the line on which in 'Part B' appears his weekly benefit rate: Provided, he has sufficient qualifying wages in 'Part C' and provided further, that an employe whose weekly benefit rate has been determined under clause (3) of subsection (a) of this section shall be entitled to compensation only if his base year wages are at least thirty times the weekly benefit rate as computed under clause (1) of subsection (a)."
[ 192 Pa. Super. Page 14]
Although this claimant was unable to meet the requirements of Section 404(a)(1), (2), because of insufficient base year earnings, the weekly wage benefit rate was preliminarily fixed by the computation of a weekly payment of $31 under Section 404(a)(1). A computation was then made by referring to Section 404(a)(3), whereunder "Part C" of the table, qualifying wages were $763 and under "Part B" of the table, weekly benefits were fixed at $22. However, the appellant's weekly benefit rate as compiled under Section 404(a)(1) was $31 and thirty times this amount, as required by Section 404(c) totals $930, still above his base year earnings of $763.87. It can be seen from the above computations that this claimant cannot qualify under any of the methods provided. Austin Unemployment Compensation Case, 186 Pa. Superior Ct. 359, 142 A.2d 301 (1958).
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