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COMMONWEALTH EX REL. CONLEY v. CONLEY (06/10/59)

June 10, 1959

COMMONWEALTH EX REL. CONLEY
v.
CONLEY, APPELLANT.



Appeal, No. 77, April T., 1959, from order of Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, April T., 1959, No. 560, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ex rel. Maureen Conley, a minor, by her father and guardian, Patrick Conley v. Annamae Conley. Order affirmed.

COUNSEL

Allen N. Brunwasser, for appellant.

Marjorie Hanson Matson, for appellee.

Before Rhodes, P.j., Hirt, Gunther, Wright, Woodside, Ervin, and Watkins, JJ.

Author: Ervin

[ 189 Pa. Super. Page 612]

OPINION BY ERVIN, J.

This is an appeal contesting the jurisdiction of the Common Pleas Court of Allegheny County of the subject matter of a habeas corpus action for the custody of a child, under the Act of March 5, 1925, P.L. 23, 12 PS § 672 et seq.

On January 4, 1959 Annamae Conley was awarded custody of her minor daughter, Maureen Conley, by the Common Pleas Court of Allegheny County in habeas corpus proceedings against Domenic and Anne DePalma, the child's paternal uncle and aunt. Shortly thereafter the present proceedings were brought by the child's father, Patrick Conley, to protect his visitation rights. After entry of the action but previous to the hearing in the visitation proceeding, Annamae Conley instituted an action for support of Maureen Conley against Patrick Conley in the County Court of Allegheny County. Annamae Conley then filed a petition in the common pleas court to quash the above mentioned visitation proceeding on the ground that the county court "has exclusive jurisdiction of custody once a proceeding for maintenance of the child involved is brought in that court." The common pleas court refused to quash the proceedings and Annamae Conley took this appeal.

Appellee concedes that the county court would have had exclusive jurisdiction to determine the question of

[ 189 Pa. Super. Page 613]

    custody of the minor child here involved had the support proceedings been instituted in that court prior to the filing of the common pleas action of habeas corpus. In Com. ex rel. Miller v. Miller, 102 Pa. Superior Ct. 323, 156 A. 734, we reversed the order of the Common Pleas Court of Allegheny County which held that it had jurisdiction to determine custody even though a support proceeding was pending in the county court. In referring to the Acts of May 5, 1911, P.L. 198 and March 19, 1915, P.L. 5, as amended, 17 PS §§ 625, 626, 653-655, we said, at page 325: "By the terms of Section 6 of the Act of 1911, supra, exclusive jurisdiction is conferred on the county court in all proceedings brought against any husband or father wherein it is charged that he has, without reasonable cause, neglected to maintain his wife or children. To us it seems clear that when the legislature passed the Supplementary Act of 1915, supra, conferring on the county court jurisdiction in all proceedings for the custody of children where the court has acquired jurisdiction in matters relating to their maintenance, it intended to make its jurisdiction as to the custody of such children equally exclusive."

In Com. ex rel. Berardino v. Berardino, 97 Pa. Superior Ct. 380, the child and father were not in Allegheny County but had for some period of time resided in the County of Westmoreland, where the child was being supported and educated by the father. In reversing the county court we dismissed the petition for custody of the child. That case is not in point so far as the present proceedings are concerned because no proceedings for custody had been instituted in a common pleas court prior to the institution of support proceedings in the county court.

The County Court of Allegheny County is unique. Unlike the Municipal Court of Philadelphia County, it has no general ...


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