'(8) Where are other officers of the corporation located, such as the industrial relations director, its public relations director, etcetera?
'(9) Where does it have its largest number of employees and the largest payroll?
'(10) Where does it have most of its tangible property?
'(11) Where does it make most of its purchases?
'(12) In what state is its business directed and controlled?'
The defendant answered these by filing the following affidavit:
'(1) Approximately 65% of all products manufactured by the defendant and its subsidiaries during the year 1958, were manufactured in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
'(2) Of the approximately 14,786 employees of the defendant, 10,101 of them are located in Pennsylvania.
'(3) The defendant is a stock corporation organized under the corporation laws of the State of New Jersey.
'(4) A summary of the purposes of the defendant as set forth in its charter is to produce, manufacture, acquire, sell, all kinds of steel and other metals, and to mine coal and ores.
'(5) The defendant is a fully integrated specialty steel-producing company, producing stainless steel, high alloy steel, titanium, low alloy steel and specialty carbon steels.
'(6) Although the defendant maintains four plants in states other than Pennsylvania, and operates sales offices and warehouses in twenty-six states, its principal holdings, including three steel plants and the larger of its two coal mines, are within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
'(7) The supervisory officers of the defendant, such as the president, vice president, treasurer and secretary, and the majority of the board of directors are located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
'(8) The majority of the other officers of the corporation such as the vice president of sales, vice president of finance, vice president of technology, and vice president of employee relations, and also the director of purchases are located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
'(9) The largest number of the defendant's employees are located at the Midland Plant in Midland, Pennsylvania.
'(10) Most of the tangible property of the defendant is located in Midland, Pennsylvania.
'(11) Defendant's records do not indicate the state where the various materials used by it are originally obtained; however, the majority of all purchases is made by defendant's purchasing department in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
'(12) The defendant's business is directed and controlled from its principal office located at 535 Smithfield Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.'
The plaintiff has not sought to contravene any of the answers that the defendant filed to the Court's questions even though he was given ample opportunity to do so, and in fact indicated to the Court that their answers were probably true. Therefore, the Court must accept these answers as true facts.
In the case of Scot Typewriter Co. v. Underwood Corp., D.C., 170 F.Supp. 862, the district court there pointed out that where a corporation that engages in farflung and varied activities which are carried on in different states,
'its principal place of business is the nerve center from which it radiates out to its constituent parts and from which its officers direct, control and coordinate all activities without regard to locale, in the furtherance of the corporate objective.' 170 F.Supp. at page 865.
Applying any or all of these tests to the facts of this case, it is clear that the defendant, Crucible Steel Company of America, has its principal place of business in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, as most of its products are manufactured here, the greatest number of employees are employed here, its principal holdings are located within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, its officers and principal office are located in Pennsylvania, and the nerve center of this manufacturer of steel products is located in the heart of the steel-making center of the world -- Western Pennsylvania. Therefore, there being a lack of diversity of citizenship as required by Section 1332(c) of Title 28 United States Code, the case should be dismissed.
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