The opinion of the court was delivered by: LEAHY
This is defendant's motion (Alex Witcjak) to dismiss plaintiff's complaint for declaratory judgment as to him. Action is based on 28 U.S.C.A. § 2201 et seq.
Witcjak brought two suits in this Court for his injuries. In one he sued Roy Allen and Thomas George t/a New Franklin Coal Company, J. Robert Bazley, Inc., and Pennsylvania Power & Light Company. The other suit was against Conrad. The question is raised as to which insurance coverage applies.
Federal Insurance Company insures Bazley and Conrad. It seeks here to avoid insurance obligation and place coverage on Mutual Liability Company who insured the tractor-trailer.
Injured Witcjak says: 1. there is no cause of action under the declaratory judgment act; 2. he is not a proper party because of lack of diversity; and other arguments.
1. Federal agreed to defend Bazley. An insurance company's agreement to defend with a reservation to deny any claim, creates no controversy since a jury's verdict might not be against the insured.
An insurance company's declaratory judgment action is to find extent of coverage, not liability.
2. Witcjak should not be here at this time. Federal does not disclaim coverage. It agrees if Michigan Mutual does not insure Bazley Federal does. Even if Michigan does insure Bazley, Federal admits liability for any excess of verdict. What we have here is a suit between Federal and Michigan. It is Bazley or Conrad who is insured by either Federal or Michigan. Witcjak is a person who should not be a party to such a declaratory judgment suit. He has no interest in a case between rival insurance carriers.
3. There is also a point of jurisdiction. Witcjak lives in Delair, N.J. The declaratory judgment plaintiff is a New Jersey corporation. This is not proper jurisdiction for Witcjak. He is an original defendant. For plaintiff to maintain its action against Witcjak there must be either a federal question or diversity
where a suit is had under the declaratory judgment act. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company v. Hugee, 4 Cir., 115 F.2d 298, looks in point. The insurer was an Illinois corporation. Insured and insurer were realigned as plaintiffs. Judge Parker dismissed for lack of jurisdiction since there was no diversity between plaintiffs and defendants.
I think Witcjak should not be an invited party to this declaratory judgment action. An order providing for ...