* * * you would get any special treatment?
'By the Defendant: No, sir. I wasn't in expectation of anything of that sort. But I would much rather go through with the trial -- I mean go through and get my sentence than go before any jury, because I will be found guilty anyway, to my opinion, and I know I am going to jail anyway. That is all I can say.
'By the Court: That is a very frank statement. * * *'
The change of plea was then permitted and a presentence report requested.
The offense was committed September 12, 1955. While attempting escape defendant and his co-defendants were arrested at about 3:00 P.M. by New York State Police for violation inter alia of the New York Firearms Act, McKinney's Consol.Laws, Penal Law, c. 40, § 1897 -- possession of a sawed off shotgun -- and removed to the New York State Police Barracks. About 4:00 P.M. defendant, allegedly as the result of force and threats, made a statement to the New York State Police as to his participation in the day's events.
That evening, upon being questioned by agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, defendant made and signed a statement as to his participation in federal offenses. Defendant makes no claim whatsoever of being treated improperly during such questioning; he, in fact, states that the agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation acted as gentlemen.
About 9:30 P.M. defendant was taken by the New York State Police before a Justice of the Peace, given a hearing and, in default of bail, lodged in the Chemung County Jail at Elmira, New York.
September 12, 1955, prosecution on federal offenses having been authorized by the Assistant United States Attorney for this district, a complaint was filed before a United States Commissioner at Towanda, Pennsylvania, the amount of bail fixed at $ 5,000, and a federal warrant issued. Service of the federal warrant was withheld awaiting disposition of the State charges.
From September 12 to September 20, defendant, in default of bail, remained in custody of the New York State Police authorities. September 20, defendant was taken by the Chemung County Sheriff before a Justice of the Peace at Big Flats, New York, and, on the request of a Chemung County Assistant District Attorney, the state charges against defendant were dismissed.
Defendant was promptly arrested by the United States Marshal on the federal charges and lodged in the Chemung County Jail Elmira, New York. September 21, 1955, defendant made one brief addition, concerning an incident which occurred on September 12, to the statement previously given to the agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
There being no United States Commissioner available at Elmira, New York, defendant was on September 22 removed by the United States Marshal to Rochester for arraignment before a United States Commissioner. At the hearing defendant was informed of his rights, granted permission if he desired to obtain counsel. After the arraignment, unable to post the designated bail defendant, in default of bail, was placed in custody in the Monroe County Jail at Rochester, New York, to await his removal to Scranton for trial.
At the time defendant was permitted to change his plea the change was allowed on the basis of defendant's statements in open court without any reference whatsoever to, or use having been made of either the statement made to the New York State Police authorities or that given to the FBI agents. The plea of guilty in open court constituted an admission of his guilt, a waiver of all nonjurisdictional defects and defenses, and admitted all facts averred in the indictment. Petitioner therefore cannot be heard to challenge those facts in this proceeding. See United States v. Gallagher, 3 Cir., 1950, 183 F.2d 342, at pages 344, 345.
The lack of merit in defendant's allegations are amply demonstrated by the petition itself and by the record. Finding no merit therein, defendant's petition must be denied.
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