Before GOODRICH, STALEY and HASTIE, Circuit Judges.
Pursuant to Section 10(e) of the National Labor Relations Act, 29 U.S.C.A. § 160(e), the Labor Board has filed this petition seeking enforcement of its order of September 19, 1956, requiring respondents to cease and desist from certain unfair labor practices. More specifically, the order recites violation of the Act by the company and union in the maintenance of agreements unlawfully requiring union membership or approval as a condition of employment;*fn1 further, the Board found that the Act was violated by the union in causing the company to lay off one Getta Owens, and by the company for laying off Owens at the request of the union because he was not a union member.*fn2
The basic issue here, as in all Labor Board enforcement petitions, is whether there is substantial evidence, considering the record as a whole, to support the Board's findings. That record discloses the following evidence.
At all times relevant to this petition, the company and the union operated under two collective bargaining agreements. Both contracts contained similar union security provisions; it will serve our purposes here to set forth one of them verbatim:
"III. Except as herein otherwise provided, all classes of employees of Operator to whom this agreement applies shall be members of Union, and Operators shall continue in their employment only members of Union with paid up dues books.
"IV. In response to any Operator's requests for men, Union shall at all times supply competent and experienced help * * *. In requesting men from Union, the Operator shall have the right to request, and Union shall supply, and particular member of Union in good standing, who is unemployed at the time, provided that such unemployed members is willing to accept the work. In the event that the men supplied by the Union, are not, for good and sufficient reasons, satisfactory to an Operator, he may at his option employ another member of Union in good standing to be supplied by the Union.
"V. In engaging employees, or dismissing employees because of lack of business, Operators shall conform to the ordinary rules of seniority. In promoting employees to jobs coming within this agreement, employers shall have the right to select qualified persons, but as between equally qualified persons preference shall be given according to seniority."
Getta Owens was a member in good standing of Local 182 of the Teamsters of Utica, New York. He applied for a job as a truck driver with the respondent company in October 1954; the job was within the jurisdiction of Local 470, the respondent union. A supervisory employee told Owens that if it was all right with the union steward, he would hire him. The steward told Owens that he would hire him then because he needed truck drivers, but that he would have to transfer within thirty days to Local 470. Thereupon, on October 14, Owens was hired.
About three weeks later the union steward took Owens to the union office to effect the transfer from Local 182 to Local 470. The secretary-treasurer of respondent Local 470 refused to take Owens' transfer and told the steward to "knock him off." The steward, however, did not lay off Owens who continued to work as a truck driver until January 3, 1955, the date of the alleged discriminatory discharge terminating his employment.
Between December 27, 1954, and January 3, 1955, the company laid off thirteen drivers because of lack of work. Four of these drivers complained to the business agent of the union that the layoffs were not in accordance with the usual seniority rules. One of them complained that Owens was not a member of Local 470, even though Owens' name was higher than his on the seniority list. The business agent thereupon scratched the name of Owens from the list. Owens was laid off later that day.
The company rehired two truckers with less seniority than Owens about five days before Owens was rehired as a laborer by the company. The job as laborer was outside the union jurisdiction. In February and early March of 1955, the company hired truckers it had never before employed and rehired two truckers lower on the seniority list than Owens.
On November 30, 1955, nearly two months after the complaint in the present case issued, the company reemployed Owens as a truck driver.
The Board's order here requires respondents to cease and desist from performing or giving effect to the bargaining agreements requiring membership in or approval by the union as a condition of employment, and further to desist from renewing or ...