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November 11, 1957


Appeal, No. 218 March T., 1957, from order of County Court of Allegheny County, at No. A 1595 of 1956, in case of Francis Blank et al. v. Board of Adjustment of Borough of West Mifflin. Order affirmed; reargument refused December 20, 1957.


Harvey E. Schauffler, Jr., for appellants.

M. E. Evashwick, with him R. R. McWhinney and Parker, Evashwick & Brieger, for appellee.

Before Jones, C.j., Bell, Chidsey, Musmanno, Arnold, Jones and Cohen, JJ.

Author: Chidsey

[ 390 Pa. Page 637]


This appeal is from the dismissal by the County Court of Allegheny County of an appeal from the Zoning Board of Adjustment of the Borough of West Mifflin, because it was lodged with the County Court beyond the statutory thirty-day period from the decision of the board, prescribed by the Act of May 4, 1927, P.L. 519, as added to by the Act of July 10, 1947, P.L. 1621, § 93, 53 PS § 48307.

On April 17, 1956, Richard A. Oakley appeared before the West Mifflin Borough Planning Commission and Board of Adjustment. The board minutes record it thus: "Richard A. Oakley, 4226 Bristol Street, Pittsburgh

[ 390 Pa. Page 6387]

, inquired about rezoning of four acres which he purchased and on which he wishes to place a short range golf course, near Pleasant Hills Blvd. and Lebanon Church Road. He stated he would have access from Orchard Drive and Wolfe Drive, planned to erect a small tool house, and admission would be charged. The Commission will check the location."

At a special meeting of the board, held on June 13, 1956, Mr. Oakley asked for a decision on his short range golf course. At that time, the minutes record: "... It was moved by Chizmar, seconded by Novack, that an exception to the zoning ordinance be granted to Richard A. Oakley for short range golf course upon completion of proper forms and signature of authorized persons. Roll call vote: Chizmar - aye; Novack - aye; Greenhalgh - aye. Motion passed. ..."

On June 28, 1956, an order, duly signed by the chairman of the board and attested by the secretary, issued from the board noting: "Exception granted." On July 19, 1956, a deed was executed whereby Oakley purchased additional land needed for the golf course at a price of $4,500, and proceeded to grade and prepare the property, expending a total of about $8,000.

At the board meeting of August 21, 1956, several of the appellants who reside near the proposed course, voiced objection to the permission granted by the board to build the short range golf course. The chairman replied that it had been permitted by a variance granted by the board. One of the board members pointed out that "... when the borough was zoned all vacant property was put in Residential A zoning, the highest classification, with the understanding it could be dropped when needs arise." The chairman gave as reasons for the grant that other variances had been allowed

[ 390 Pa. Page 639]

    along the road on which this property was located, that the property had been for sale for years for development and they had never been able to develop it, and that "... in regard to the golf course, it was the impression of the Commission that it would be in a basin, the lights would be low, and it would not affect the adjacent property owners. ..."

It was not until September 18, 1956, ninety-seven days after the board meeting of June 13th which voted tentative approval of Oakley's golf course, and eighty-two days after the order of the board, that appellants first lodged their appeal with the County Court.

The portion of the Borough Code which deals with zoning is quite explicit when it states: "Any person aggrieved by any decision of the board of adjustment, or any taxpayer or any officer of the borough, may within thirty days after such decision of the board, appeal to the court of common pleas*fn1 of the county by petition, duly verified, setting forth that such decision is arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law and specifying the grounds upon which he relies." (Emphasis supplied).

In view of the explicit language of the statute the court below was eminently correct in dismissing the appeal. Section 13 of the Act of March 21, 1806, P.L. 558, 4 Sm.L. 326, 46 PS § 156, prescribes that: "In all cases where a remedy is provided, or duty enjoined, or anything directed to be done by any act or acts of assembly of this commonwealth, the directions of the said acts shall be strictly pursued, ..." We have consistently required that the procedural provisions of zoning statutes be rigidly adhered to: Baederwood Center, Inc. v. Putney, 390 Pa. 53, 133 A.2d 836; Kuiper v.

[ 390 Pa. Page 640]

    decision from which appellants had a right of appeal under the zoning Act.

Appellants also contend that they did not have notice of the decision of the board in accordance with that part of the Act of 1927, as added in 1947, Section 93 cited supra, 53 PS § 48307, which reads: "Notice of such decision shall forthwith be given to all parties in interest."

Appellants, however, did not give notice to the board of any desire to be considered "parties", nor did they in any way evidence to the board their "interest" in the case until August 21, 1956, almost two months after the board's order, when they first voiced their objections to the board. Prior to that time, there was little to distinguish them individually from any other members of the community. The zoning ordinance of the borough has no special provision for notice. Had this ordinance specified that notice be given to all property holders within a given area, or adjoining the lot upon which a variance or exception is sought, and had the board failed in this respect, then some basis for their objections might be comprehended. But here nothing distinguished appellants from all the other property owners in the borough until they made their interest known to the board.

Furthermore it appears that several of the appellants at least did in fact have actual notice of the proposed change almost two months before the board approved Oakley's application, and yet they did not notify the board of their objections until two months after the board made its decision.

The board minutes of April 17, 1956 note the presence of the first named appellant, Francis Blank, at that meeting, and the minutes of the August 21st meeting, in summing up remarks made by Blank plainly reveal that he heard the original request of Oakley.

[ 390 Pa. Page 642]

And the second named appellant, Robert J. Wylie, testified on re-direct examination: "On April 17, we heard that there was going to be a permit granted for a golf course ..."

Under these circumstances, it is clear that any contention that appellants should be allowed an appeal nunc pro tunc because of lack of notice to them, in the face of the clear statutory prohibition against taking an appeal beyond the thirty-day period, must perforce fail.

Because of our determination that appellants in this case are clearly barred by the statute, it is unnecessary to consider their argument that estoppel ought to bar their action.


Order affirmed.

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