Appeal, No. 153, March T., 1956, from judgment of Court of Common Pleas of Allegheny County, Jan. T., 1955-C, No. 151, in case of Necho Coal Company v. Denise Coal Company. Judgment affirmed; reargument refused February 6, 1957.
S. L. Goldstein, with him Charles J. Margiotti, Vincent M. Casey, Margiotti & Casey, and Suto & Schuchert, for appellant.
C. John Tillman, with him Paul Kern Hirsch, and Hirsch & Weise, for appellee.
Before Stern, C.j., Jones, Bell, Chidsey, Musmanno and Arnold, JJ.
OPINION BY MR. JUSTICE ARNOLD
Defendant appeals from entry of judgment for plaintiff on the pleadings upon its motion under Pa. R.C.P. 1034.
As contended by defendant, on such a motion we must accept as true all facts well pleaded and inferences reasonably deducible therefrom; and judgment should be entered only where it is clear that no meritorious legal defense is raised: Toff v. Vlahakis, 380 Pa. 512, 514, 112 A.2d 340. So considered, the instant
complaint establishes that in March, 1948, defendant purchased a dragline "for an amount in excess of $100,000.00"; on April 14, 1948, defendant orally contracted to purchase for $30,271.46 "spare parts" to be used in the dragline; the spare parts were received by defendant on April 25, 1948; defendant made partial payments on June 12 and August 11, 1948, totaling $10,271.46; on August 11, 1948, defendant delivered to plaintiff four promissory notes of $5,000 each, payable respectively on the 15th day of each month, beginning October, 1948, and ending January, 1949. Defendant admits refusal to pay, but denies that the notes were given "for value received." It further alleges that they were given as the balance on the purchase price; that the parts were received, but "were found to be used, obsolete, inadequate and otherwise wholly unsuited"; that these matters were brought to plaintiff's attention by defendant "by telephone shortly after January 26, 1949, ... and [plaintiff] ... promised to remedy the situation ... [but] wholly failed to do."
By its pleadings, defendant raises the defense of failure of consideration. Failure of consideration occurs where the consideration bargained for does not pass, either in whole or in part, to the promisor. This is not the instant case. The pleadings admit receipt of the parts and aver only that they "were obsolete, useless and otherwise unfit to be used." The notes were given in payment of the balance due for the parts admittedly delivered some five months previously.
Obviously defendant must rely on a breach of vendor's warranty as to quality or fitness, rather than failure of consideration, as a defense to the action: Its pleadings seek to establish only that the quality, grade or nature of the parts was not as it ...