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COMMONWEALTH v. ESAYIAN (11/13/56)

November 13, 1956

COMMONWEALTH
v.
ESAYIAN, APPELLANT.



Appeal, No. 250, Oct. T., 1956, from judgment of Court of Quarter Sessions of Bucks County, March T., 1955, No. 16, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. George S. Esayian. Judgment affirmed.

COUNSEL

Emanuel H. Klein, for appellant.

Donald W. VanArtsdalen, District Attorney, for appellee.

Before Rhodes, P.j., Gunther, Wright, Woodside, Ervin, and Carr, JJ. (hirt, J., absent).

Author: Rhodes

[ 182 Pa. Super. Page 147]

OPINION BY RHODES, P.J.

Appellant was charged by information before a justice of the peace with a violation of section 1002, subsection (b), paragraph 6 of The Vehicle Code of May 1, 1929, P.L. 905, as amended, 75 PS § 501, in that he operated his automobile at a rate of sixty miles per hour in a fifty mile per hour zone. He waived a hearing and posted bond for appearance before the Court of Quarter Sessions of Bucks County. After hearings before President Judge BIESTER, appellant's motion to quash*fn1 the information and summary proceeding on the ground that the justice of the peace did not have jurisdiction because he was not "the nearest available magistrate" in the township was refused, and appellant was found guilty of the offense charged and directed to pay the costs of prosecution and a fine of $10.

The basic facts are set forth in the opinion of the court below as follows: "At the hearing before us, the

[ 182 Pa. Super. Page 148]

    arresting officer testified that he attempted to lodge the information before one Justice of the Peace Bourse, but that Bourse, for personal reasons, refused to accept the complaint. The information was then lodged before Justice of the Peace Koehler. The distance between the site of the alleged offense by travelling the main travelled highways ... and the office of Bourse is approximately one and one-half miles, whereas the distance to the office of Koehler is approximately two and one-eighth miles. Both Justices of the Peace are commissioned in the municipality within which the alleged violation occurred."

Appellant's contention on this appeal is that the magistrate did not acquire jurisdiction under section 1201 (a) of The Vehicle Code, as amended, 75 PS § 731, as he was not "the nearest available magistrate" within the township notwithstanding that the nearest magistrate had refused to accept the complaint. Appellant therefore asks that the judgment and sentence of the Court of Quarter Sessions of Bucks County be reversed and that he be discharged.

The argument of appellant is to the effect that although Justice of the Peace Bourse refused to accept a complaint or information against appellant he was "the nearest available magistrate," and that the inability of the officer to bring an action before that magistrate nevertheless precludes enforcement of the law. Certainly a justice of the peace may become incapacitated or may properly disqualify himself for various legitimate reasons. It is impossible to conclude that such circumstances would prevent the prosecution of violations of the law. We think a justice of the peace, the same ...


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