Appeal, No. 86, April T., 1955, from decree of Court of Common Pleas of Cambria County, Sept. T., 1954, No. 915, in case of C. R. Hughes v. Pat Farrell, Cyrus W. Davis, Thomas A. Owens, Chest Township School Board and Chest Township Road Supervisors. Decree affirmed.
Edward F. Peduzzi, with him Lopresti & Peduzzi, and Myers, Taylor & Peduzzi, for appellants.
Paul D. Larimer, with him Thomas A. Swope, Shettig, Swope & Shettig and Englehart, Larimer & Englehart, for appellee.
Before Rhodes, P.j., Hirt, Gunther, Wright, Woodside, Ervin, and Carr, JJ.
[ 181 Pa. Super. Page 557]
On June 27, 1938, the County Treasurer of Cambria County sold to the County Commissioners for non-payment of taxes the coal underlying fourteen contiguous tracts of land assessed in the name of Samuel Heilner. Throughout the years these tracts of coal land had been assessed as separate units, each tract having been given its own valuation and property number, and taxes were levied and collected on each tract individually. By quitclaim deed dated January 28, 1949, the "continuing right of redemption"*fn1 became vested in C. R. Hughes, who then proposed to redeem six of the fourteen tracts under the provisions of the Act of July 28, 1941, P.L. 535, 72 PS 6105.1 et seq.*fn2 Hughes presented his check in the sum of $1297.58 representing the first tweny percent payment of the taxes, interest and penalties.On March 7, 1949, the agreements required by the Act of 1941 were prepared and executed. These agreements provided, inter alia, that Hughes should pay the taxes accruing each year. However, the agreements were not delivered because a question was raised as to whether Hughes could redeem six of the fourteen tracts without redeeming the remainder. The commissioners referred the matter to their solicitor, who recommended that it should be determined by an appropriate court proceeding. Several conferences ensued but the matter was never resolved, although Hughes eventually offered to redeem the six tracts by payment in full. Finally, in the fall of 1953, the commissioners received an attractive offer for the purchase
[ 181 Pa. Super. Page 558]
of the entire fourteen tracts. Hughes then filed a petition for a rule to show cause (No. 9 March Term 1954) why he should not be permitted to redeem the six tracts only. On June 29, 1954, the "rule was made absolute and the respondents were directed to permit redemption in accordance with the terms of their agreement with the petitioner dated March 7th, 1949". No appeal was taken. Following a conference between all the interested parties on August 13, 1954, Hughes delivered to the county treasurer checks totaling $5476.05 covering the taxes, penalties, interests, and costs on the six tract in question up to the year 1949, also checks totaling $1562.28 covering the face amount of the taxes on said six tracts from 1949 to 1954 inclusive, the taxing authorities having agreed to waive interest for said period.However, Hughes subsequently stopped payment on the checks totaling $1562.28, and filed the present petition for a rule to show cause (No. 915 September Term 1954) why he should not be permitted to redeem the six tracts merely by payment of the taxes, interest, and penalties accrued to March 7, 1949, and without payment of any taxes "from March 7, 1949, to the present time". The Chest Township School Board and the Chest Township Road Superisors were granted permission to intervene.*fn3 On January 12, 1955, the court below discharged the rule. Hughes has appealed.
In limine, it should be noted that a rule to show cause is auxiliary process in aid of jurisdiction already acquired. It may not properly be used as original process except by statute. For instance, a rule to show cause may not be employed to test the validity of a sale by county commissioners of land purchased
[ 181 Pa. Super. Page 559]
for non-payment of taxes: Petrovich Appeal, 155 Pa. Superior Ct. 138, 38 A.2d 709; or to strike off a tax assessment: Commonwealth v. Dauphin County, 354 Pa. 556, 47 A.2d 807. And see Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission v. Bedford County, 47 D. & C. 496. However, our Supreme Court has (without comment) passed upon rules to show cause in situations involving redemption: Indiana County Petition, 360 Pa. 244, 62 A.2d 3; Levick v. North Versailles Township, 360 Pa. 510, 62 A.2d 758; Bernitsky v. Schuylkill County, 381 Pa. 128, 112 A.2d 120. See also Consolidated Real Estate Company v. Northumberland County, 72 D. & C. 23. Since the question of procedure has not been raised, and expressly without determining it, we have concluded to dispose of the case at bar upon the merits.
The sole question presented is whether appellant is obligated to pay the taxes accrued against the six tracts sought to be redeemed for the five year period from the date of the execution of the agreements to the date of the decree of the lower court permitting the redemption. Appellant contends that, since the commissioners refused to deliver agreements at the time of their execution, he was unable to obtain possession of the six tracts, and was prevented from completing the redemption; and "that his right to redemption related back to March 7, 1949, and (he) was, therefore, entitled to redeem in full as of that date, that he was not ...