The opinion of the court was delivered by: GOURLEY
This is a petition on the part of the taxing authorities of the City of Pittsburgh, the Board of Education of the City of Pittsburgh, and County of Allegheny to reopen a judgment of this court disallowing divers tax claims against the Highwood Cemetery Association. Rules 59, 60 of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 28 U.S.C.A.
The judgment of the court was premised upon the conclusion that certain lots of ground purchased in the name of the secretary of the Association were nevertheless acquired by funds of and held in behalf of the non-profit cemetery association. It was ruled that the evidence sustained the finding of a constructive trust, which obviated the requirement of recording under provision of Pennsylvania law. 21 P.S.Pa. § 601; In the Matter of Highwood Cemetery Association, Debtor, 116 F.Supp. 898.
The taxing authorities base their petition on the ground that they now have certain 'newly discovered evidence' which should have been considered at the time that their claims were adjudicated on December 18, 1953.
While an appeal was pending from the adjudication of this court, a similar petition, likewise requesting that the instant case be re-opened in order to allow consideration of the alleged newly discovered evidence, was presented to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. By order of November 17, 1954, that court refused to remand the record.
Whereupon, the municipal tax claimants withdrew their appeal to the United States Court of Appeals, and have renewed their request before this court.
In view of the conclusive ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit on a similar petition, I cannot help but conclude that the order of the Circuit Court is res adjudicata as to the proceeding before this court.
But even assuming that the defense of res adjudicata were inapplicable, it is my judgment that the proffered evidence is not 'newly discovered evidence' to justify the re-opening of a matter already adjudicated.
The information was in the possession of claimants for over nine years, as evidenced by their own pleading before the state court, and, if pertinent, by the exercise of reasonable diligence could have been presented at time of trial.
To warrant the granting of a re-opening on ground of newly discovered evidence, the evidence must in fact be newly discovered since trial, and facts must be alleged from which the court may infer diligence on the part of the movant. United States v. Rutkin, 3 Cir., 208 F.2d 647.
Finally, it is my judgment that the introduction of the alleged after-discovered evidence could in no way influence or materially alter the judgment of this court. The proffered evidence consists of a carbon copy of a letter supposed to have been written by the secretary of the bankrupt to its attorney in 1926. This carbon copy was found among private papers of the secretary who had departed and never had been heard from since.
There is no evidence of record to show that the letter had ever been sent or received. The trustee, because of his fiduciary capacity and the limited knowledge of the affairs of the cemetery, nevertheless introduced allegations as to such a letter into the pleadings in the state court, supposing that the writer of what might have been such a letter would be available later as a witness in the state court.
Accordingly, the admissibility of this document is at best extremely dubious in view of the fact that no evidence exists to prove that the letter was ever signed by the person taking title to the realty in question, nor does proof exist that the letter was ever mailed or delivered to the alleged addressee.