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BATTLES ESTATE. (11/08/54)


November 8, 1954


Appeal, No. 243, March T., 1954, from decree of the Orphans' Court of Erie County, Sept. T., 1953, No. 226, in Estate of Charlotte Elizabeth Battles, deceased. Decree, as modified, affirmed. Proceeding upon petition by beneficiary under will for conveyance of real estate free of conditions and restrictions. Before ROBERTS, P.J. Adjudication filed finding for petitioner; exceptions to adjudication dismissed in part and final decree entered. Co-trustee appealed.


John A. Spaeder, with him Marsh, Spaeder, Baur & Spaeder, for appellant.

P. V. Gifford and David S. Gifford, for appellee.

W. Pitt Gifford, with him Gifford, Graham, MacDonald & Illig, for the estate.

Before Stearne, Jones, Chidsey, Musmanno and Arnold, JJ.

Author: Stearne

[ 379 Pa. Page 141]


This appeal concerns the construction of a will. The pivotal question is whether or not the hearing judge correctly ruled that parol testimony of testamentary intent could not be admitted.

Charlotte Elizabeth Battles, the testatrix, provided in the third item of her will: "It has been my desire that the property which I purchased from the Estate of Charlotte Webster and which is known as the Webster Home, and which was the home of my grandparents, James and Mary Webster, located on Main Street in the Borough of Girard, Pennsylvania, shall be utilized as a home for elderly people as a memorial to my said grandparents; and I now authorize and empower my Executors and Trustees hereinafter named to make arrangements with the Presbyterian Home & Hospital of Erie, or some other suitable corporation or group of individuals, for the conduct and maintenance of a dignified and proper home for elderly people as a memorial to my grandparents above named; and if suitable arrangements can be made insuring the accomplishment of that purpose, I authorize and empower my said Executors and Trustees to convey by proper deed of conveyance the premises ... to the Presbyterian Home & Hospital of Erie or such other corporation or individuals as my said named Executrix and Trustees can make suitable arrangements with for the conduct of such a memorial home, such conveyance to be without consideration." The First National Bank

[ 379 Pa. Page 142]

    of Erie and Georgiana Read were named as executors and trustees.

The Presbyterian Home & Hospital of Erie, by change of name to The Presbyterian Homes in the Presbytery of Erie, being of opinion that under its charter, organization and management it constitutes "a dignified and proper home for elderly people", applied to the fiduciaries for the conveyance of the premises as provided in the will. The officers of the Home testified that upon the conveyance the premises would be kept and maintained "as a memorial to [testatrix's] grandparents". The corporate executor and trustee is satisfied that the claimant is qualified to take the devise according to the terms of the will. Georgiana Read, the co-executor and co-trustee, refuses to join in the conveyance unless the claimant agrees to accept the devise under the "... terms, conditions and restrictions enunciated and given to the [Home] by [testatrix] during her lifetime..."

The corporate claimant secured a citation upon the executors and trustees to show cause why they should not convey real estate to it in accordance with the terms of the will. After a hearing was had by the court, an answer was filed by the individual executrix and trustee contending that the Home had failed to accede to the terms, conditions and restrictions above mentioned. The citation was made absolute and an order was entered on the fiduciaries to convey. The co-executor and co-trustee has appealed.

Since the will directs the fiduciaries to convey the real estate and charges them with the duty of approving the devisee, the fiduciaries are thereby constituted testamentary trustees. They are, therefore, required to defend the trust: Lowe's Estate, 326 Pa. 375, 384 192 A. 405; Martin Estate, 349 Pa. 255, 260, 36 A.2d 786. Should such trustees, or either of them, regard

[ 379 Pa. Page 143]

    the proposed conveyance to be in derogation of the terms of the trust, they possess the status to appeal.

Miss Read, the individual co-trustee, [appellant], submitted to the corporate co-trustee and to the court the written conditions and restrictions which she insists must first be accepted. These are indeed a compendium of minutiae relating to the care and maintenance of the buildings and ground, equipment, furniture, and uses. It also gives names of families who are excluded as guests or employes. In addition it specifies restrictions upon personnel of corporate directors. The Home declined to accept the conveyance upon these conditions.

Appellant, at the hearing, sought to introduce oral testimony to establish the testatrix's true intention concerning the meaning of the language employed in the item of the will now in question, in relation to the above conditions and restrictions. The learned hearing judge correctly excluded this testimony. We agree that the judge was required to interpret the words as written in the will: "a dignified and proper home for elderly people as a memorial to [testatrix's] grandparents." Doubtlessly Miss Read sincerely believes that the oral testimony of testatrix's conversations indicating her wishes made to appellant, to officers of the Home, and to attorneys, should have been admitted as proof of testatrix's testamentary intent. Such contention is apparently without personal benefit to her. Her appeal is clearly within the orbit of what she regards as her loyalty and obligation to testatrix. Unfortunately for appellant's contention, however, she is met with an insurmountable principle of law which prohibits the admission of such testimony. In a host of cases this Court has consistently decided that in construing a will, it is not what testator may have meant but the meaning of the language used: Rosengarten

[ 379 Pa. Page 144]

    by the corporation accepting the gift in accordance with the terms of the will as herein construed.

There has been no accounting by the fiduciaries and no audit. Consequently no conveyance and transfer may be made until it has been therein established that the estate is solvent and all debts and inheritance and estate taxes have been paid and satisfied.


The decree, as modified, is affirmed. The costs of this appeal to be paid out of the residuary corpus of the estate.


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