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COMMONWEALTH v. LAKATAS (01/05/53)

January 5, 1953

COMMONWEALTH
v.
LAKATAS, APPELLANT



Appeal, No. 40, Jan. T., 1953, from order of Court of Common Pleas of Carbon County, April T., 1952, No. 61, in case of Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Mike Lakatas. Order reversed.

COUNSEL

Martin H. Philip, with him Jacob Philip and Philip & Philip, for appellant.

Frank P. Lawley, Jr., with him Donald L. McKay, Randolph C. Ryder, Deputy Attorney General and Robert E. Woodside, Attorney General, for appellee.

Before Stern, C.j., Stearne, Jones, Bell, Chidsey and Musmanno, JJ.

Author: Stearne

[ 372 Pa. Page 220]

OPINION BY MR. JUSTICE ALLEN M. STEARNE

Mike Lakatas, defendant, appeals from an order of the Court of Common Pleas of Carbon County, affirming an order of the Secretary of Revenue Suspending defendant's license to operate motor vehicles for a period of six months.

The suspension was under Section 615 of The Vehicle Code, Act of May 1, 1929, P.L. 905, as amended, 75 PS 192 (b) 4. This section has been construed in Commonwealth v. Cole, 350 Pa. 369, 39 A.2d 361, and in Commonwealth v. Bushey, 368 Pa. 67, 82 A.2d 39. We held in those cases that even though the licensed operator of a motor vehicle was involved "in an accident resulting fatally to any person", nevertheless, a court may reinstate the license where negligence or recklessness by the operator is not proved. We also held that such negligence, when proved, should be of such a character that, in the discretion of the Court, the defendant should have inflicted upon him the penalty of having his license suspended in the interest of public protection.

From the findings of fact, based upon the testimony of appellant (the only witness to the accident), the facts may thus be summarized: On October 6, 1951, appellant was driving his automobile at 7:20 p.m. at a speed of from thirty to thirty-five miles an hour on a macadam highway fourteen feet in width; the weather was clear and it was dark; there was a steep ascending grade; appellant was driving in second gear and at top of grade shifted to high gear and was traveling thirty-five miles an hour; a car approaching appellant's car had its lights on high beam, as were appellant's lights; appellant blinked his lights twice and the second time reduced his lights to low beam; the approaching car's lights blinded appellant and that driver did

[ 372 Pa. Page 221]

    not reduce his lights; as the cars approached appellant "slowed down"; he did not stop his car; appellant "could only see the macadam road real close, because the lights on the car approaching his car were blinding him so bad that he could not see very far"; appellant kept on driving his car "when he could see ahead of him only six to seven feet"; when the approaching car passed, appellant "threw his lights on high beam and saw [decedent] walking on the edge of the street. [Decedent] was within 10 feet of appellant's car.... When appellant saw the [decedent] on the highway, he swung his car to the left, to the center of the street, and struck [decedent], fatally injuring him."

In sustaining the suspension the learned hearing judge ruled that appellant was negligent. He based this conclusion upon the fact that appellant was temporarily blinded by the lights of the approaching car; that "it was [appellant's] duty to bring his car to a standstill since the obstruction from the lights of the approaching car was temporary and would soon come to an end. That is what a careful and prudent operator would have done under the circumstances, and his failure to do so is an act of omission on his part which the Court concludes is negligence." The court was also of opinion that because appellant saw decedent within ten feet when he put his lights on high beam, he was negligent in not stopping his vehicle within the assured clear distance ahead.

The court decreed that the appeal from the action of the Secretary of Revenue suspending appellant's license for a period of six months be dismissed, but recommended to the Secretary of Revenue the issuance of a restricted license ...


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