The opinion of the court was delivered by: CLARY
This is an action in admiralty to recover damages for loss of cargo in a shipment originating in the Philippine Islands and consigned to libellant at Philadelphia, pennsylvania. By agreement of the parties the issue of liability was tried first. From the pleadings and proof in this case I make the following
1. Libellant is a Pennsylvania corporation with principal office and place of business in Wilmington, Delaware.
2. Respondent is a corporation with principal office and place of business in the United States of America at 30 Broad Street, New York, N.Y., owning and operating a number of vessels engaged in the common carriage of cargo on the high seas, and the owner of the motor ship Johannes Maersk, which is a general ship engaged in the transportation of merchandise for hire as a common carrier between, among others, the ports of Manila, Philippine Islands, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
3. On or about January 22, 1948, Sy Hap Seng delivered to respondent at said port of Manila a shipment consisting of:
58 full drums of heavy yellow brass scrap,
45 half drums of heavy scrap soft lead,
54 full drums of heavy copper and wire scrap,
21 bundles of heavy copper and wire scrap,
9 rolls of heavy copper and wire scrap, to be transported from said port of Manila to said port of Philadelphia, there to be delivered to the order of libellant in consideration of an agreed freight, which was prepaid, and in accordance with the terms of a certain bill of lading then and there signed and delivered to said shipper by the duly authorized agent and representative of respondent and of said motor ship Johannes Maersk.
4. Thereafter respondent loaded said shipment on board said motor ship Johannes Maersk and said vessel, having the same on board, sailed from said port of Manila and on or about March 27, 1948, arrived at said port of Philadelphia.
5. On Monday, March 29, 1948, the Traffic Manager of respondent's Philadelphia Agent mailed a notice to libellant apprising libellant of the arrival of the aforesaid shipment.
6. On March 29, 1948, pursuant to authorization of the Collector of Customs of the Port of Philadelphia to discharge the cargo from the vessel immediately upon arrival, the motor ship Johannes Maersk commenced discharging cargo at Pier 98 South where the Steamship's Agent for said Johannes Aersk, B. H. Sobelman & Co., Inc., had made arrangements with Philadelphia Piers, Inc. to berth the vessel.
7. Under the arrangements with Philadelphia Piers, Inc., the motor ship Johannes Maersk had the right to discharge cargo from the vessel to the pier within the confines of the length of the vessel plus 50 feet or the width of the pier.
8. By custom prevailing in the Port of Philadelphia during March and April of 1948 and by the standard practice of Philadelphia Piers, Inc., operators of Pier 98 South, consignees of cargo were allowed a period of 'free time' of 5 days' duration, exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays, following complete discharge of cargo for the removal of such cargo from the discharge pier without incurring an additional charge in respect thereto.
9. Libellant's shipment of scrap metal was unloaded onto the Pier sometime during the day of March 29, 1948, and under the direction of a Checker employed by respondent's Agent, B. H. Sobelman & Co., Inc., it was sorted and placed in adjoining bays inside the covered portion of the Pier and on the first floor of the Pier and was found by the Checker to be intact on that day.
10. Sometime after March 29, 1948 and before April 2, 1948, libellant's Customs Broker presented the original Bill-of-lading to respondent's Agent and obtained a form of Freight Release entitling libellant to take actual delivery of the aforesaid shipment.
11. On April 2, 1948 representatives of libellant came to Pier 98 South and after presenting the Freight Release to a Delivery Clerk employed by respondent's ...