UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF PENNSYLVANIA
October 1, 1946
HERTZ DRIVURSELF STATIONS, Inc.
The opinion of the court was delivered by: MIZE
I have considered the motion for summary judgment, the pleadings, the admissions, affidavits and briefs in the above styled matter and have reached the conclusion that the plaintiff is entitled to a summary judgment to the extent that from the above documents it is clear the plaintiff and defendant were engaged in commerce within the meaning of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, 29 U.S.C.A. § 201 et seq., and that the plaintiff is entitled to a judgment in some amount.
The payment of $ 639.67 on December 11, 1945 does not constitute a bar to liquidated damages, but the defendant is entitled to have this credited against any amount of judgment that might be collected. Brooklyn Savings Bank v. O'Neal, 324 U.S. 697, 65 S. Ct. 895, 89 L. Ed. 1296. Plaintiff is entitled to a judgment for all overtime that accrued subsequent to March 6, 1940. All amounts that accrued prior to that time are barred by the statute of limitations, which the defendant has pled, and in this case the six year statute of limitations of Pennsylvania, 12 P.S. § 31, is applicable. Smith v. Continental Oil Company, D.C., 59 F.Supp. 91.
The affidavits and the admissions show conclusively that the plaintiff entered the defendant's employ on April 4, 1939 and worked from that time until October 30, 1944 as a desk man. His duties were so closely connected with Interstate Commerce that under the act as construed by the Supreme Court of the United States in Kirschbaum Co. v. Walling, 316 U.S. 517, 62 S. Ct. 1116, 86 L. Ed. 1638, and many other cases of the Supreme Court of the United States, it is clear that he was covered by the act. The defendant company was engaged in serving and hiring trucks engaged in commerce within the Act. It is therefore clear that the plaintiff is entitled to a judgment. The amount, however, cannot be determined from the present record.
The defendant denied many of the assertions requested to be admitted and it, therefore, will be necessary that the amount be determined either by further affidavits or by a hearing upon the merits as to the amount.
An order may be drawn in accordance with this opinion holding that the plaintiff is entitled to a judgment and that he shall be charged in that judgment with the sum of $ 639.67, but that this amount, or a part thereof, will first be applied to the amounts that were barred by the statute of limitations, as the law applies a payment to the oldest indebtedness. Plaintiff is not entitled at this time to the payment as liquidated damages of $ 639.67 for the reason that it was paid as a compromise. The order will retain jurisdiction of the case for the purpose of ascertaining the amount to which the plaintiff is entitled. This order may be presented in chambers on Thursday, October 3, at 2 o'clock.
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