The opinion of the court was delivered by: GIBSON
The plaintiffs were stockholders of The Third National Bank of Pittsburgh, who, after assessment by the Comptroller, paid to the receiver the par value of the stock held by them. The defendants named in the complaint are The Third National Bank of Pittsburgh, Andrew B. Berger, its receiver, and a number of stockholders of the bank from whom collection has not been made of the Comptroller's assessment.
The collections of the receiver upon the assessments were sufficient to pay creditors and depositors and the expenses of administration, but were not enough to fully repay plaintiffs the amounts collected from them. The object of this suit is to compel non-paying stockholders to pay the assessments upon them, and so bring about a larger refund of the amounts paid by plaintiffs, or, in other words, to require each stockholder to pay his proportionate amount required from stockholders for the payment of the debts of the bank.
The receiver and certain of the stockholder defendants have moved to dismiss the complaint, alleging (1) that the complaint fails to state a claim against defendants upon which relief can be granted, (2) that the court lacks jurisdicion for the reason that facts are not set forth which present a question arising under the laws of the United States, and (3) that the court lacks jurisdiction for the reason that diversity of citizenship is not alleged in the complaint.
The first matter for consideration is that of jurisdiction.
Diversity of citizenship has not been, and cannot be, asserted, and therefore jurisdiction, if existent, must rest upon other basis.
The complaint does not set forth a claim of jurisdiction in any of the words of the statute defining the jurisdiction of this court, but alleges that jurisdiction is founded upon certain specified sections of the Revised Statutes and Acts of Congress.
Reading the jurisdiction statute into the pleading, the duty of the court is to determine whether the matter in controversy arises under the laws of the United States, or is a case for the winding up of the affairs of a national banking association.
In the original complaint the only relief asked from the receiver was a discovery, which the amended complaint shows has already been granted plaintiffs by him. By the amendment the receiver is alleged to have returned to a stockholder certain collateral which had been turned over to secure the payment of the comptroller's assessment, but no amendment of the prayers of the complaint was requested in the petition for the amendment, and therefore no cause of action against him now appears in the present pleadings. Except that no action against the receiver seems to exist therein, the instant case presents certain points in common with Moss v. Furlong, 6 Cir., 93 F.2d 182, in respect to the matter of jurisdiction. In that case the plaintiff, a broker, filed his complaint in the District Court in Michigan, naming as defendants the receiver of a national bank and a number of individuals, residents of Michigan. The Comptroller had made an assessment against him as the owner of some 496 shares of stock of the closed bank. He declared that these shares were actually owned in varying amounts by the defendants other than the receiver, and prayed the court to declare the assessment against him null and void, or, in the alternative, if he should be compelled to pay the assessment, that each of said defendants should be decreed to be liable to plaintiff for his proportionate share of the assessment. Upon defendants' motion to dismiss the bill of complaint the plaintiff contended that the District Court had jurisdiction by reason of the case being one for winding up the affairs of a national banking association. The District Court dismissed the complaint against the alleged beneficial owners, and the Circuit Court of Appeals sustained the dismissal. The latter court held that no federal jurisdiction existed in respect to the said alleged owners, as the case was not one for the winding up of the affairs of the bank, and, also, that jurisdiction could not be obtained by joining a cause of action against the receiver, over which the court had jurisdiction, with another cause of action over which none existed.
The instant case and Moss v. Furlong, supra, differ somewhat in the facts disclosed, but each is a case in which the receiver was joined as a defendant with other residents of the District in which suit was brought in a controversy in which the bank had no interest; and each, consequently, does not present a case for the winding up of the affairs of a national bank.
In the complaint jurisdiction is claimed, inter alia, by a reference to Section 5220, R.S. (Tit, 12, Sec. 181, U.S.C.A.) and the Act of June 30, 1876, 19 Stat. 63. Section 5220 relates to a voluntary dissolution of a banking association, in which the shareholders themselves appoint a liquidating agent. In such case creditors are given the right to enforce shareholders' liability by a creditors' bill. No claim to jurisdiction is to be founded in the instant case upon these statutes, as the present dissolution of the bank is an involuntary proceeding by the Comptroller, and, in addition, the plaintiffs are not such creditors of the bank as are contemplated by the Act of June 30, 1876, which considers only those who were creditors while the bank was in active operation. See Richmond v. Irons, 121 U.S. 27, 7 S. Ct. 788, 30 L. Ed. 864; Falvey v. Foreman-State Nat. Bank, 7 Cir., 101 F.2d 409, 417.
It is apparent from plaintiffs' pleadings that neither the bank, which now has no power or duty in the liquidation, nor the receiver as agent of the Comptroller, has any interest in the subject-matter of the suit, and therefore the case cannot be considered as one for the winding up of the affairs of the bank. This being so, the next inquiry is whether the case is one which otherwise arises under the laws of the United States.
The claim of plaintiffs is not founded upon any federal statute, but upon the broad equitable principle that when parties stand in equali jure the law requires equality. Under this principle they contend that all stockholders of the bank should bear their proportionate share of the burden of the Comptroller's assessment. But while the claims of plaintiffs are so founded, the relationship of the stockholders to each other in respect to the Comptroller's assessment and the fund raised by it is to be determined by an interpretation of the National Bank statutes. This being so, the instant case is one arising under the laws of the United States, and this court has jurisdiction of it.
Jurisdiction assumed, the one matter for determination is raised by the defendant stockholders' motion to dismiss upon the ground that the complaint fails to state ...